working time


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working time

the amount of time spent working for an employer. In the European Union this is regulated by the Working Time Directive and the Young Worker's Directive. In general this legislation restricts weekly hours of work to 48 but this may be averaged out over a period of time. Workers can also choose to work longer hours, and some groups of workers are excluded in both the Directive and national legislation implementing the Directive. The legislation also provides rights to rest periods and to a minimum of four weeks paid holiday each year.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Working Time Directive and Working Time Regulations (WTR) essentially deals with rest breaks, associated recording keeping and health assessments.
Employers have a variety of responsibilities to staff under the Working Time Regulations (WTR).
The decision of the ECJ was that time spent travelling to a first destination from home and from a last destination to home should be counted as working time.
Many UK companies do not consider travel time outside normal working hours as working time, but now thousands of companies may need to make changes.
Neither the Working Time Directive nor the Working Time Regulations passed in England and Wales in 1998 to implement the directive said anything about travel to and from work or between places of work.
The Working Time Directive falls |under Health and Safety regulations, and so employees do not need to have two years employment to take a case to tribunal.
They are elected by the people, and their work on behalf of the public is not subject to the European Working Time Directive.
On the other side, using the Mintzberg researches, the usage of the daily working time for a top manager has the structure like in Table 1 (Tuturea, 1999).
It continued: "A reduction in working time could undoubtedly help reduce fatigue.
As doctors cannot apply the opt-out, the judgement threatened to scupper Prime Minister Tony Blair's plans for the NHS, and reinforced his opposition to the working time rules.
More than 130 growers wrote to the AWB to appeal for a simpler formula to work out holiday pay based on the Working Time Regulation.

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