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An area in which water is permanently trapped in the soil. Examples of wetlands include swamps and bogs. Wetlands improve the quality of water in the area, provide fish (thereby creating jobs), and present other economic benefits.


(1) Land normally saturated with water, such as swamps or marshes.Wetlands are now recognized as an important component of wildlife preservation, water purification, and protection against hurricanes. The federal government currently has no centralized wetlands protection program; the primary vehicle for preservation is the Clean Water Act as administered by the Environmental Protection Agency.Many states do have comprehensive wetlands management programs, however, and care should be taken to review all relevant laws before purchasing property that might be construed as wetlands. (2) An alternative wastewater management system is called constructed wetlands;it makes use of natural cleaning systems found in wetlands.The following diagrammed system, called the subsurface flow system, can handle discharges up to 10,000 gallons a day—enough for a small community
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, wetlands prevent flooding and provide important habitat for fish and wildlife species including endangered salmon species, migratory and resident birds, and small mammals.
Following its restoration, the wetlands have become one of the most inhabited wetlands on these migratory routes with over one million birds spending the winter, passing through, or making the wetlands home because of its unique location, friendly eco environs and abundant food supplies.
Wetlands constitute lakes, marshes, peatlands, wet grasslands, streams and rivers.
Underscoring significance of the wetlands, the federal minister said, "The wetlands not only purify and replenish our water and provide the fish that feed hundreds of millions of people".
Systemic, long-running problems plague the state wetlands program, including:
According to Wetlands International, a global non-profit dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands around the world, wetlands are on the "front-line" as development pressures increase everywhere.
Calculating the economic value or importance provided by a single wetland is difficult It is, however, possible to evaluate the range of services provided by all wetlands that have direct impacts on the local economy.
In addition, beavers build wetlands by damming streams, creating small riverine marshes that attract wildlife, especially waterfowl (van der Valk 2006; Mitch & Gosselink 2007).
water resources management in order to optimise wetland services (wetlands in the water cycle, pollution, allocation of water and irrigation, hydroelectric energy);
Poorly integrated planning and inadequate sectoral cooperation is also a major challenge to the conservation of wetlands.
Wetlands cover a considerable part of the globe's surface and comprise different ecosystems that are permanently or periodically wet, such as mangroves, tidal marshes, peat bogs, swamps, river floodplains, riparian zones etc.
Little information is available for the state's small (< 25 acres [< 10 hectares]), inland, palustrine emergent persistent (PEM1) wetlands (Cowardin et al.

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