welfare state


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Welfare State

The concept in which a government is or views itself as responsible for providing some minimum economic security for citizens. For example, the government may guarantee housing, work and a minimum income for all citizens. Less comprehensively, a government may provide income during periods of unemployment or poverty. Most governments have a welfare state to some degree. Proponents view welfare states as a form of economic justice. Critics contend that they are detrimental to GDP growth and promote needless dependency.

welfare state

a country that provides comprehensive SOCIAL-SECURITY BENEFITS such as state health services, state retirement pensions, unemployment and sickness benefits, etc. See TRANSFER PAYMENTS, GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Firstly, I look more closely at the welfare state debates in Sweden, Finland and Norway and ask whether the values underpinning the welfare institutions are, indeed, still shared.
Chapter 2 covers the history of the welfare state in the United States.
He traces the roots of the contemporary welfare state to Franklin Delano Roosevelt's speech at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco on Sept.
The welfare state resisted its critics and the pain of stagnating economies by making collaborators of the middle class.
Dr Lamb said: "We will look at life before the welfare state, turning the clock back to the Jarrow Crusade as well as considering its legacy and the people who took part in the original march.
Since the foundation of Naya Pakistan is based on the principles of Islamic welfare state, it should address human development and poverty nexus as a unit.
This is unlike welfare states in the developed world which are highly formalized with a strong paper trail and where tax evasion is costly and considered a crime.
Second, the book offers a critique of the 'usual suspects' used to account for the underdevelopment of the Korean welfare state: Confucianism, productivism, and developmentalism.
Saving with the welfare state - eg by cutting the AMS funds - is the wrong way.
The evolving nature of the welfare state, tax revenue changes and changes in society mean some age groups have benefited more than others, it said.
Known as the "silent generation", those born between 1926-45 have become the biggest net contributors to the system, having started paying their taxes around the time the modern welfare state was created, the Resolution Foundation said.
The Foundation said creative thinking about how the welfare state is funded in the future is needed.