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A generic term for many government assistance programs. In general, it refers to programs in which the government pays money to indigent and unemployed persons. However, it may include non-cash payments such as food stamps. It may or may not include a requirement that able-bodied persons on welfare attempt to find work. Welfare is very controversial. Proponents argue that it helps the persons least able to help themselves, while critics contend it encourages people not to work. See also: TANF, Dole.


that aspect of management concerned with the wellbeing, both physical and emotional, of employees. It is an umbrella term for a range of services and activities. HEALTH AND SAFETY (the regulation of working conditions) is probably the most important but is often managed separately from other welfare functions. Other welfare activities include the provision of canteens and social clubs, sports facilities, medical officers etc. Some organizations also provide counselling services to help individuals cope with, for instance, work-related stress.

The reasoning behind employer concern with welfare suggests that a contented workforce is likely to be more productive. Some employers also feel that it is a social obligation to their employees. Welfare activities usually come under the remit of the PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT function. In fact, in the UK the origins of personnel management lie in the concern to improve employee welfare felt by certain employers in the early years of the 20th century. See FRINGE BENEFIT, HUMAN RELATIONS. See also SOCIAL SECURITY.

References in periodicals archive ?
In Chapter 2, Kasza analyzes how war facilitated Japan's welfare development.
a Child Welfare Secretariat to provide a focal point for standardizing provincial child welfare services where necessary.
Veterinarians and others who work with producers need a strong knowledge base on handling and welfare issues so they can advise clients responsibly," she says.
in New York, a nonprofit organization that directs studies of welfare programs.
State disruption of black families reflects the persistent gulf between the material welfare of black and white children in America.
PRWORA increased the power that states have over designing their welfare policies and emphasized employment and self-sufficiency.
In the end, his persistence pays off as he is rewarded for his push to start a program that employs and trains welfare recipients, giving them a chance at a fresh start.
The rhetoric surrounding welfare reform helped establish this extremely narrow, and, one might say, anti-family, point of view.
This bill did away with all JOBS programs ("The Link Between Welfare Reform and Family Literacy," 1997).
Getting people off welfare by turning them into junior bureaucrats might seem to work against another grand Clintonian initiative: rightsizing government and shrinking the bureaucracy.
Like most liberals who write about welfare, Katz operates on the assumption that a Western European welfare state, providing open-ended cash grants to people without jobs, universal health insurance, and guaranteed pensions, is the natural and best condition for a modern industrial democracy.
On August 22, 1996, President Clinton signed into law The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, which made good on his campaign promise to "end welfare as we know it.