It is more likely that the same phenomenon (surface tension gradient induced movement of solvent and resin) which resulted in greater surface waviness
also led to nonalignment of the flakes.
Different frequencies (q = L/[lambda] [lambda] is the wavelength of the wavy capillary) and amplitudes ([alpha]) were considered to analyze the influence of the waviness
of the capillary surface.
Analysis of waviness
of formed surfaces showed that there is a possibility to produce moulds and prototypes of high surface quality.
The corresponding three statistical characteristics: texture, waviness
and roughness for Profiles 1 and 2 are shown in Fig.
is defined as the intermediate wavelength components produced by the machining process, including any deviations from the ideal waviness
The surface texture component, varying along the horizontal direction, is called waviness
when the changes are slow, and roughness when changes are more rapid.
85 [pounds sterling] Parameters All defined b ISO Ra, Rz, Rq, Rt Waviness
All defined b ISO Not available parameters *--with driving unit Fig.
However, owing to its inherit surface waviness
, unnecessary effects were introduced into the cell structure.
Typically, a waviness
pattern caused by early-wood-latewood differences appears for coatings with moderate layer thickness due to incomplete leveling.
Roughness is of significant interest in manufacturing because it is the roughness of a surface (given reasonable waviness
and form error) that determines its friction in contact with another surface.
SMCs made with Atryl TCA are bringing increased toughness, reduced surface waviness
and superior Class A finishes to a host of car and truck applications.
In partial tears some intact fibers are seen, whereas in complete tears discontinuity of waviness
of the ligament fibers is identified.