, Breath, and Resonance; ISBN 1-877761-63-X.
We simulate the position of physical articulators, such as the tongue, and synthesize the sound that would be made by air passing through the vocal tract
with real articulators in those positions.
Condition 2, an inertive supraglottal vocal tract
air column, can also produce a direction-dependent force on the vocal folds.
They did so by reviewing X-ray videos of rhesus macaques and mapping the outline of their vocal tracts
. This data was then used to create a computer model that simulated macaque speech.
Alterations in the voice caused by discomfort in the vocal tract
have been quite widely studied.
Caption: In nine species of howler monkey, researchers found an inverse relationship between testes size and size of the hyoid bone, part of the vocal tract
Contributed by specialists working in performance psychology, physical therapy, voice, and speech pathology in the US and Australia, the exercises consist of those for mental focus, physical stretches and alignment of the body, stretches and exercises for breathing, stretching and relaxation of the tongue and jaw, warm-ups and cool-downs, laryngeal strength and coordination, registration and vocal tract
modification, and vocal styles.
This gave them a map of which parts of the brain control which parts of the vocal tract
They discuss the best movements for singing, the core of the body, and the places of balance; mapping breathing; mapping the larynx for singing; resonance and the vocal tract
; mapping the structures of articulation, including the tongue, jaw, soft palate, teeth, and lips; and tools for physical expression.
This changes the acoustic proper ties of the vocal tract
, making it resonate with the higher frequency tone s - and also having the effect of making them sound louder.
Even though SA systems examine some aspects of style (which makes it harder for identical twins to fool SA), most of the information processed by SA is physiological and anatomical, specifically the size and shape of the person's vocal tract
(the throat, mouth, and nose).
It covers acoustic phonetics in terms of waveforms and time management, fundamental frequency, sound magnitude and spectra of speech sounds, auditory phonetics in terms of loudness, pitch, quality and perception, and speech production in terms of the vocal tract
as a resonator and phonation.