vertical segregation

vertical segregation

the division of the HIERARCHY of an ORGANIZATION by sex or some other criterion. It is common for all or most jobs at high levels of the hierarchy to be performed by men and all or most jobs at lower levels to be performed by women. Women find it hard to obtain jobs at higher levels because of DISCRIMINATION. See GLASS CEILING.
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Vertical segregation occurs where women are over-represented towards the bottom of organizational hierarchies and men tend to dominate senior managerial posts.
For addressing and solving issues of horizontal and vertical segregation in research and administrative careers, work life balance, gender neutral-blind approaches to IST research, gender gaps in students enrollment, EQUAL-IST will try to operate at the same time on organizational structures, discourses and behaviors.
The vertical segregation by academic staff positions/scientific ranks is shown most clearly in the analysis of the trajectories of professional career of men and women in academia.
Looking at vertical segregation helps to drill deeper into the STEM landscape, going beyond identifying the fields in which women work, to looking at the types of roles they occupy.
The testing results of the rheological properties, the air content, the vertical segregation and the 28-day compressive strength for the concrete mix and hardened concrete without VMA (denoted in the preliminary testing stage by X and in the main testing by C0) were used as the reference results for concrete mixes and hardened concrete with the VMA addition (denoted in the main testing stage by C0.
In fresh waters many zooplankton species are competing for limited resources (Hebert, 1982), and the outcome for coexistence among species is largely dependent on the fluctuations of biotic and abiotic factors and vertical segregation (Jacobs, 1977; Primicerio, 2000).
In regards to the vertical segregation, and despite the persistence of anti-bureaucratic ideals in advertising (Etayo and Preciado: 2008), the increasing incorporation of women into the sector has focused mostly on the lower positions.
elimination of vertical segregation, particularly through dissuasive measures and sanctions aimed at increasing a female presence in decision making positions in the public and private sectors; 4.
The Pier also provides vertical segregation to separate inbound and outbound passenger traffic, in line with national security requirements.
The only place where vertical segregation of people and traffic happened big-time was in Eldon Square shopping centre.
Finally, vertical segregation is most commonly known as the glass ceiling.