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Vertical relations have received increasingly more attention from the view point of competition policy over the last years.
Here the question of the possibility of viable community begins to emerge: How does the backgrounding of horizontal inter-personal ethical relations to the vertical relation between the individual and God affect the possibility for the sustained genuine relations between individuals that allow for the creation of community?
This, in turn, means that a proprietary software--governed by intellectual property rights, reinforced by public law--becomes the key to the vertical relations shaped by exclusive copyright.
Different facial references such as center of the pupil to the corner of the lips, minimal speaking space, from glabella to base of ala, has been used to measure the vertical relations.7 unfortunately soft tissue based facial references are not stable and show variations with increasing age.
In Finland, a vertical relation arises between CRH's activities in building materials (grey cement, aggregates and ready-mixed concrete) and Addtek's activities in precast concrete elements.
First, because it is not necessary; vertical relations with your former colonial metropolis continue to be more economically useful than horizontal relations--no pun intended!--with your African counterparts.
Autocratic Arab society, according to Sharabi, was built on the dominance of the father, a patriarch around which the national as well as the nuclear family were organised; between ruler and ruled, as between father and child, maintain vertical relations. In both settings, the paternal will is absolute, mediated in society as well as the family by a forced consensus based on ritual and coercion.
Our work enhances understanding of the sources of productivity gains and resilience to external shocks afforded to host countries by MNC activity and cross-border vertical relations.
While vertical relations are and have always been crucial, the highest level of institutionalized IGR in Canada is the Council of the Federation (COF), a horizontal (provincial-territorial) body.
As earth priests, they administer a ritual "washing of the stomach" to nullify antilife forces and reestablish vertical relations with the unseen world.