Also, one is seeing that some vertical disintegration
of the service components of manufacturing has in-effect resulted in a far greater (proportionate) loss of jobs in the manufacturing domain.
between transportation, distribution, storage, trading and end users: Parties engaged in transportation by pipeline and storage of hydrocarbons will not be able to sell hydrocarbons, LP gas, petroleum by-products and petrochemicals transported or stored in their systems, except when sale is necessary to resolve "an operational emergency, force majeure or act of God.
In sections on vigorous entry, environment, and low prices, they consider such topics as the "make or buy" decision and supply-chain governance, television and air conditioning product innovation under vertical disintegration
, the role of policy and markets in the wind turbine industry's catch-up process, foreign technology introduction and market entry, and pricing reforms and the end of low energy prices.
CR has undergone major restructuring since 1999, a vertical disintegration
that has separated non- core activities and cut CR staffing rosters by half, down to 1.
This increase in activity has sparked a debate over whether these mergers represent a general movement towards vertical integration, reversing several decades of outsourcing and vertical disintegration
(Gross, 2006; Denning, 2009).
Globalization of production and trade has led to a vertical disintegration
of transnational corporations (TNCs) and a general fragmentation of production processes across firms and countries (Gereffi et al.
Although in a quite different setting, Chen (2005) considers such a strategic effect of outsourcing or vertical disintegration
Chief among the theories Krims adopts is an economic world-view known as "post-Fordism," which recognizes a global economy built upon flexible labor and production, vertical disintegration
(outsourcing), liberalized trade, the centrality of information in production, and the increased role of regional and urban specialization (p.
is the separation of a firm's vertically related businesses into independent firms.
This suggests that the growth of operating leases over time is an additional aspect of the vertical disintegration
From the Firm to Me Market: The Vertical Disintegration
of Land Transport in Spain Raul Compes Lopez
THE MORTGAGE BANKING INDUSTRY IS ONE OF THE MOST FASCINATING EXAMPLES OF VERTICAL DISINTEGRATION
AND RECONFIGURATION IN MODERN BUSINESS HISTORY.