Future studies could increase the sample size and include data missing from the current study (Glasgow Coma Scale, urinary output
), compare methods of reporting abnormal physiological measures to assigned RN, and follow up outcomes related to activation of RRTs.
Compared with gestational diabetes mellitus as the control group, water intake, urinary output
, feed intake, and fecal output were all significantly lower (P < 0.001) in Zuogui Wan gestational diabetes mellitus group.
Animals whose urinary output
is low secondary to dehydration need to be rehydrated.
Phytase supplementation also increased (P=0.035) the urinary output
The urinary output
of iodine increased significantly in 6 of the 12 subjects tested.
The clinician needs to obtain a detailed history about the type and duration of symptoms, previous urinary tract infections (UTIs), history of stone disease, family history of prostate or pelvic cancer, and urinary output
The remaining patients in the study received standard care, which focused on more routine measurements, such as vital signs, central venous pressure and urinary output
* RESULTS After randomization, the 2 groups were similar in all characteristics measured (age, illness severity score, blood pressure, central venous pressure, urinary output
, and serum creatinine).
Use of indwelling urethral catheters should be limited to patients requiring relief of anatomic or physiologic outlet obstruction; patients undergoing surgical repair of the genitourinary tract (to facilitate healing); critically ill or postoperative patients who need their urinary output
accurately measured; and debilitated, paralyzed, or comatose patients (to prevent skin breakdown and infected pressure ulcers).
The two most important age-related changes to keep in mind are increased post void residual and increased urinary output
at rest, especially at night.
On November 3, he consulted his physician because of recurrent nausea, abdominal pain, and decreased urinary output
. Laboratory findings were consistent with acute hepatitis (AST 1032 U/L, ALT 2028 U/L, and total bilirubin 4.8 mg/dL) and acute renal failure (serum creatinine 6.0 mg/dL).
Evaluation of the clinical (body weight stable at 56 kg, arterial blood pressure 110/70 mmHg, urinary output
1500 mL/24 h) and laboratory findings (plasma sodium 134 mmol/L (reference range 135-145), plasma osmolality 268 mOsm/kg, urea 33 mg/dL (reference range 20-80), creatinine 0.34 mg/dL (reference range 0.25-0.85), copeptin 14 pmol/L (reference range 3-8), urine sodium 96 mmol/L, urine osmolality 484 mOsm/kg) led to a diagnosis of SIADH.