unfair dismissal

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Related to unfair dismissal: Wrongful dismissal

Unfair Dismissal

1. In British law, the termination of an employee without proper procedure. In general, an employer must give warnings, discipline an employee in other ways, offer alternative duties, and/or allow the employee to have counsel present at any disciplinary hearing. Specific requirements are complex, but an employer must usually give the employee a chance to defend himself/herself. If the employer unfairly dismisses an employee, a tribunal may order reinstatement, compensation or assistance in finding a new job.

2. More broadly, any termination in violation of the law or an employee's employment contract.

unfair dismissal

the unfair termination of a person's employment by the employer. Dismissal can be held to be unfair if the employer cannot show a ‘fair’ reason and acted ‘unreasonably’ in taking the decision to dismiss. A fair reason is one where for some reason the employee is not able to carry out satisfactorily the duties associated with the employment or where the job is no longer needed because of REDUNDANCY. For instance, it would probably be considered fair to dismiss a chauffeur who had been disqualified from driving but unfair to dismiss someone on the grounds of personal dislike. To have acted reasonably the employer should have clearly informed the employee of the grounds for dismissal and given the employee the opportunity to put a personal point of view.

Constructive dismissal is where an employee feels forced to leave because the employer acts unlawfully, unfairly or otherwise breaches the CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT. A female employee who is subject to sexual harassment by her manager and who feels forced to leave her job as a result could possibly claim that she had been constructively dismissed.

An individual who believes the dismissal to be unfair may pursue a claim for reinstatement or compensation at an EMPLOYMENT TRIBUNAL. In determining whether dismissal is fair, tribunals draw on case law and an ADVISORY, CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION SERVICE code of practice on DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURES. A very small minority of those who take unfair dismissal claims to tribunal actually achieve reinstatement. The number of claims taken to tribunal has increased in recent years and policy makers have sought ways of limiting this growth. For instance, claimants have to pay a deposit, and CONCILIATION prior to a formal hearing is strongly encouraged. See EMPLOYMENT APPEALS TRIBUNAL.

unfair dismissal

the termination of a person's employment for reasons other than the person's inability to carry out the work tasks specified in his or her contract of employment. Unfair dismissal could be on the grounds of personal dislike or refusal to join a trade union. See EMPLOYMENT ACTS 1982 and 1990.
References in periodicals archive ?
Run in association with the Black Country Chamber of Commerce, the event at the Black Country Museum featured a case where a fictional employee dismissed for misconduct, as a result of absenteeism, was claiming unfair dismissal and compensation.
The brothers said they were acting in self-defence and won their complaint of unfair dismissal.
Former City analyst Julie Bowyer is in line for a pounds 1million pay out from Schroder Securities for unfair dismissal and sexual discrimination.
George Osborne announced the qualification period for the right to claim unfair dismissal will be extended from 12 months to two years from next April, in an effort to encourage firms to hire more staff.
Over the same period, there has been a rise in the number of people bringing claims for unfair dismissal - but this is hardly surprising in a recession given that the figure includes people who challenge the decision to dismiss them for redundancy.
Regarding the compensation for Mr Aylott's unfair dismissal, the panel said: "Since there was no consideration of compensation for unfair dismissal for loss of earnings independently of the award in respect of disability discrimination, the unfair dismissal claim is remitted to an employment tribunal for decision on compensation.
Justin says: This is a question that has been considered by the courts on numerous occasions, and although it was thought for a little while that it was possible in certain circumstances to claim for distress and upset following an unfair dismissal, the current view of the court is that you cannot.
The new legislation will cap the amount of unfair dismissal compensation due to successful claimants to a maximum of one year's salary.
Introducing a cap on compensation in discrimination cases - currently there is a cap on unfair dismissal compensation, but in discrimination this is unlimited ?
Summary: A teacher who was sacked after she wrote a racy novel about her pupils has lost her unfair dismissal claim.
London, Feb 18 (ANI): A woman in Britain, who worked for her dentist husband and then sued him for unfair dismissal, has revealed that despite the court rejecting her plea she still has a happy relationship with him.
THE recession has led to an increase in unfair dismissal claims and other tensions in the workplace.