Length and thickness of the umbilical cord
were measured using measuring tape and Vernier calipers.
Table 3 is showning the mean +-SD (95% confidence interval) of oxidative stress parameters in plasma, saliva and umbilical cord
samples of the two groups.
BD values change in relation to labor and FHR decelerations.
entry abnormity (UCEA) includes marginal umbilical cord
entry abnormity (MUCEA) and velamentous umbilical cord
entry abnormity (VUCEA).1 It is known that marginal umbilical cord
entry, namely battledore placenta, accounting for 7% of all is commonly seen.
The umbilical cord
is called the foetal life line.6 Various abnormalities are observed in the morphology and pathology of the umbilical cord
but knowledge of them is rather poor.4 A TKUC may cause foetal hypoxaemia or even IUD.7 Umbilical cord
true knots during the second trimester are a very rare cause of abortions7 though it is said that its presence during the third trimester and labour is not associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality.8
According to a study by Aga Khan University's Division of Women and Child Health (DWCH) in Dadu Sindh few years back, cleansing a newborn's umbilical cord
with an antiseptic can reduce the risk of infection and death.
Leading health institutions such as the World Health Organization recommend delaying the clamping of the umbilical cord
for at least one minute after birth or until the cord stops pulsating However, mothers may not know the potential benefits associated with DCC Due to the popularity of the current practice, providers may not discuss DCC with mothers as part of the birthing plan.
Each umbilical cord
was immediately clamped at delivery.
The nearest and most common option to CHX has been use of swabs or cotton wool dipped in surgical spirit to clean and sterilise the umbilical cord
This is because each umbilical cord
has different tissue types and there's a risk that the two cord blood units could be mixed up during collection, Triolo explained.
(1) However, as of 2012, the official position of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists was that the evidence "is insufficient to confirm or refute the potential for benefits from delayed umbilical cord
clamping in term infants...." (4)
On gross examination, the placenta was complete and measured 12x11x3 cm with the attached umbilical cord
measuring 18 cm in length.