Correlation is not necessarily causation, though - other factors associated with being Type A
, like smoking and having high cholesterol, could be the key, rather than the Type A
's self-stressing lifestyle.
The roof on the International Type A is not original to the tractor.
The mechanism used to shift gears on the Type A. Photo by Nikki Rajala.
Although Type A behavior initially a global construct, in recent years a great deal of research has been focused on its two principle dimensions: achievement striving and irritability/impatience (Barling & Charbonneau, 1992; Day & Jreige, 2002; Spence, Helmreich, & Pred, 1987).
Evidence for the achievement motivation among Type A individuals comes from a number of sources.
Since Type A college students score higher on SOP (Bognatz & Schick, 1996; Flett, Hewitt, Blankstein, & Dynin, 1994), we expected high SOP men to behave as Type A men did in earlier self-handicapping research.
Although Type A's and B's task abilities are similar (e.g., Ward & Eisler, 1987), Type A's estimate of self-competence (ESC; Motowidlo, 1979) is higher (Cochran, Schick, Astor-Stetson, Gilliard, & Zajac, 1989; Schick, 1988).
You need an exercise regime similar to type A
's to reverse the negative effects of stress.
Type A botulinum toxin debuted in human medicine at the Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute in San Francisco in 1976, when ophthalmologist Alan B.
The treatment's long-term effects remain unknown and require further study However, Duvoisin says, since the immediate and localized side effects of Type A toxin (such as drooping of the upper eyelid or difficulty in swallowing) are transitory, treatable and rarely serious when the toxin is properly administered, botulinum therapy appears safe and "relatively easy"
While TYABP may be an adaptive mode of meeting many of the challenges at work, unchecked it wreaks havoc in the physician's interpersonal realm. A broad-based literature search uncovered five observations that hold important implications for understanding how Type A's think, behave, react, and function in relationships.[6,13]
Type A's tend to selectively perceive others as challenging them.