An example of a two-sided market
is a manufacturer of videogame consoles.
American Express (Amex) case, which found that Amex operated in a two-sided market
in which contract provisions were designed to protect competition by ensuring that one side of the market (merchants) did not discriminate against the defendants customers on the other side of the platform (cardholders).
One explanation for this substitution is that as platforms in a two-sided market
, NGOs allocate some of the costs of aid provision to donors, allowing NGOs to provide aid at a price below the competitive market price.
and the EU) may not see consumer harm, even though search is better seen as a two-sided market
, in which advertisers not users form the other side.
The merger is expected to strengthen Ciox's ability to facilitate the management and exchange of protected health information through a two-sided market
Gifford and Kudrle's chapter on Microsoft could have served as a springboard to discuss two-sided market
analysis in tech markets.
5) At some point, stakeholders--economic consultants, lawyers, lobbyists, and governments--will invite antitrust agencies, courts, and regulators to pass judgment on two-sided market
The legal challenges to the Durbin Amendment require understanding that debit (and credit) card systems are organized as part of a two-sided market
3 (Summer 2009): 125-43, at 128: "Newspapers are a canonical two-sided market
, where the newspaper provides a platform for communication from advertisers to consumers" and 129: "Many papers that study operating systems identify themselves with network effects rather than two-sided markets
so perhaps this example is less canonical, but .
We then provide a simple two-sided market
model, based on the work of Rochet and Tirole (2011), to assess the regulation's implications on payments efficiency.
Efficient pricing in a two-sided market
, therefore, requires balancing the prices charged to different participants.
price discriminate on both sides of the two-sided market