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The state in which all relevant information is fully and freely available to the public. Nearly every analyst agrees that transparent markets are desirable because they lead to greater efficiency. Laws and regulations exist in most jurisdictions encouraging or mandating transparency. For example, the SEC requires disclosure forms declaring a great many different actions when or immediately after they occur. Likewise, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is designed to increase transparency in accounting. A minority view holds that these laws and regulations intended to create transparent markets in fact reduce efficiency. Others contend that markets are efficient with or without transparency. See also: Efficient market hypothesis.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


The full, accurate, and timely disclosure of information.
Case Study Ford Motor Company executives indicated in spring 2001 that the company planned to provide shareholders and analysts with greater transparency of the firm's financial results. As part of the improved transparency, Ford was expected to report separate results from its Premier Automotive Group (PAG), comprising Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln, Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. In the prior year Ford reported an operating loss of $35 million in Europe only because income from PAG and customer services mostly offset operating losses of nearly $1 billion in its other European operations. At the time Ford did not report profits for individual brands or product groups. Transparency permits shareholders and analysts a greater understanding of a firm's operations, including which parts of the firm are most and least profitable. This, in turn, places greater pressure on the firm's management to produce acceptable results in all facets of a company's operations.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


Transparency is a measure of how much information you have about the markets where you invest, the corporations whose stocks or bonds you buy, or the mutual funds or other investments you select.

For example, in order to achieve maximum transparency in US markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires corporations to disclose all information that might have an impact on their financial status so that investors can make fully informed decisions.

Real-time trading information, increasingly available to individuals as well as institutional investors, and linked pricing systems are other steps toward complete transparency.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"This is the time for everybody to co-operate and do so transparently, and this is especially a time for Pakistan to do so," she said.
Bii will assist Lucidyx in the further development of two key integration products that enable life science software developers who develop tools that access genomic data through either Oracle(R) or through application programming interfaces (APIs) to conveniently and transparently query and retrieve information from Searcher(TM), a next-generation genomic annotation search engine developed by Lucidyx.
Bridging communications through XipLink Gateways optimize highly interactive protocols such as HTTP with special handling by transparently utilizing specialized algorithms to manage the data transport.
Peribit Networks, a leader in application delivery over the WAN, has announced availability of its breakthrough Application Flow Acceleration (AppFlow) technology, which transparently speeds performance of Microsoft Exchange, file services, and web-based applications over wide area networks (WANs).
Administrators can transparently move date and physically attach, remove, or upgrade servers and strong at any time without impacting users.
If an application requires more storage re-sources, the distributed storage system is able to efficiently tie the additional resources together transparently and reallocate data on the fly.
His claim that "no major political figure has pointed out [that] a war on terrorism is profoundly self-contradictory" is transparently false.
Its Address Disclosure Management technology automatically and transparently issues a unique address with each disclosure of a user's e-mail address, creating a secure conduit for communication.
According to AICPA Chair Robert Bunting, "As CPAs, we want everything we do--the financial statements we audit, the advice we dispense, the tax returns we prepare--to transparently communicate the facts clearly and truthfully to all our audiences.
"Although there are legitimate criticisms to make of the Electoral College, the Colorado effort is nothing but a transparently partisan effort to give Kerry a couple of extra electoral votes," complained Human Events.
The bishop, in sum, should be transparently and manifestly convinced that those who know the truth who is Jesus Christ have no reason to be afraid, least of all about what the Toronto Star or the New York Times will say.
The resources will support the government in establishing a legal framework that will help it manage its finances more effectively and transparently. The Haitian parliament must ratify the loan before the first US$10 million installment can be disbursed.

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