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The state in which all relevant information is fully and freely available to the public. Nearly every analyst agrees that transparent markets are desirable because they lead to greater efficiency. Laws and regulations exist in most jurisdictions encouraging or mandating transparency. For example, the SEC requires disclosure forms declaring a great many different actions when or immediately after they occur. Likewise, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is designed to increase transparency in accounting. A minority view holds that these laws and regulations intended to create transparent markets in fact reduce efficiency. Others contend that markets are efficient with or without transparency. See also: Efficient market hypothesis.


The full, accurate, and timely disclosure of information.
Case Study Ford Motor Company executives indicated in spring 2001 that the company planned to provide shareholders and analysts with greater transparency of the firm's financial results. As part of the improved transparency, Ford was expected to report separate results from its Premier Automotive Group (PAG), comprising Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln, Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. In the prior year Ford reported an operating loss of $35 million in Europe only because income from PAG and customer services mostly offset operating losses of nearly $1 billion in its other European operations. At the time Ford did not report profits for individual brands or product groups. Transparency permits shareholders and analysts a greater understanding of a firm's operations, including which parts of the firm are most and least profitable. This, in turn, places greater pressure on the firm's management to produce acceptable results in all facets of a company's operations.


Transparency is a measure of how much information you have about the markets where you invest, the corporations whose stocks or bonds you buy, or the mutual funds or other investments you select.

For example, in order to achieve maximum transparency in US markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires corporations to disclose all information that might have an impact on their financial status so that investors can make fully informed decisions.

Real-time trading information, increasingly available to individuals as well as institutional investors, and linked pricing systems are other steps toward complete transparency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the loss of transparent personalities in all South Asian nations even if those who are of transparent nature are not welcomed dearly by the political classes which sounds extremely shocking to the civil and rational minded societies of all the countries under above continent.
Transparent Hands also thanks to its donors who went out of their way to make it happen.
Various end-use industries are witnessing an increase in the consumption of transparent plastics due to the versatility of customization.
Devices are evolving in response in part to the characteristics of the transparent conductive film that is used in the user interface.
These results open the potential for visibly transparent polymer solar cells as add-on components of portable electronics, smart windows and building-integrated photovoltaics and in other applications," said study leader Yang Yang, a UCLA professor of materials science and engineering, who also is director of the Nano Renewable Energy Center at California NanoSystems Institute (CNSI).
This topcoat is also used in the second lacquered cycle, which differs only in that it is based on two coats of transparent water-based base coat FA543 (the same base coat used for the transparent cycle).
This is the first time I've seen a transparent transistor on a plastic substrate with such high performance," says Edzer Huitema of Philips Research Laboratories in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
Our work has shown that inserting an intelligent management appliance (in this case, a file director solution) directly into the network can deliver a transparent and highly effective solution to address the existing challenges of enterprise NAS.
Striva's DETAIL(TM) data integration platform provides transparent access to relational and non-relational data spread across many different types of platforms, operating systems and databases, providing enterprises with a single, scalable solution to power the Real-Time Enterprise.
Depending on their morphology, thermoplastic polyurethanes can appear as turbid, translucent or even transparent.
New literature from Elmwood Sensors, an Invensys Sensory Systems company, provides detailed product information for the company's line of flexible transparent heaters.
This year, the company is announcing three new products: the general-purpose RQ Jade XRF Wafer Analyzer for film thickness and composition measurements, the RQ Jade Maximus Disk Analyzer for composition and uniformity measurements on heavy, thick samples like sputter targets as employed in the production of thin-film magnetic materials, and the MQ Garnet 300 Laser Ellipsometer/Reflectometer for thin-film transparent layers.

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