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Related to translucency: transparent, nuchal translucency


The state in which all relevant information is fully and freely available to the public. Nearly every analyst agrees that transparent markets are desirable because they lead to greater efficiency. Laws and regulations exist in most jurisdictions encouraging or mandating transparency. For example, the SEC requires disclosure forms declaring a great many different actions when or immediately after they occur. Likewise, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is designed to increase transparency in accounting. A minority view holds that these laws and regulations intended to create transparent markets in fact reduce efficiency. Others contend that markets are efficient with or without transparency. See also: Efficient market hypothesis.


The full, accurate, and timely disclosure of information.
Case Study Ford Motor Company executives indicated in spring 2001 that the company planned to provide shareholders and analysts with greater transparency of the firm's financial results. As part of the improved transparency, Ford was expected to report separate results from its Premier Automotive Group (PAG), comprising Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln, Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. In the prior year Ford reported an operating loss of $35 million in Europe only because income from PAG and customer services mostly offset operating losses of nearly $1 billion in its other European operations. At the time Ford did not report profits for individual brands or product groups. Transparency permits shareholders and analysts a greater understanding of a firm's operations, including which parts of the firm are most and least profitable. This, in turn, places greater pressure on the firm's management to produce acceptable results in all facets of a company's operations.


Transparency is a measure of how much information you have about the markets where you invest, the corporations whose stocks or bonds you buy, or the mutual funds or other investments you select.

For example, in order to achieve maximum transparency in US markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires corporations to disclose all information that might have an impact on their financial status so that investors can make fully informed decisions.

Real-time trading information, increasingly available to individuals as well as institutional investors, and linked pricing systems are other steps toward complete transparency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nuchal translucency, on the other hand, is only interpretable during weeks 11, 12, or 13.
In two recent studies from the United Kingdom, he said 30,564 women and 15,822 women, respectively, were screened by four measures: pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), nuchal translucency, and nasal bone inspection.
Aneuploidy detection rates improved when first-trimester serum screening was added to nuchal translucency measurement, compared with using nuchal translucency alone to assess risk.
Nuchal translucency testing is a relatively new screening tool used to determine if a baby is at increased risk for having a chromosomal abnormality such as Down syndrome.
Of the 160 patients, 100 were referred because of nuchal translucency greater than the 95th percentile, 51 because of a family history of congenital cardiac defects, and 9 because of the presence of extracardiac lesions.
When nuchal translucency thickness found on ultrasound in the first trimester is at least 2 multiples of the appropriate gestational median (MoM), the risk of a major congenital heart defect is 14 times higher than normal, Lynn L.
We have the capability to use lower cost processors in our clients, thereby enabling us to take a cost leadership position in the market while still generating a high-end look and feel for the consumer user interface with translucency.
NEW YORK -- Ongoing sonographer training and quality control programs are essential for achieving accurate and consistent nuchal translucency measurements in the first trimester, Dr.
The conference will feature "Hands-on" ultrasound training with actual patients in which conference participants can learn the measurement of nuchal translucency.
It acts as an intermediate space between the natural world and the artificial, and its effects of light and shadow, transparency, translucency and even opacity alter constantly with weather, time and season.
Nuchal translucency screening, along with pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and free [beta]-HCG assessments, detected 8 of these 11 aneuploidies (75%).