(redirected from trained)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


the process of extending and improving the SKILLS and knowledge of people so as to improve JOB performance. A distinction can be made between vocational training, i.e. the acquisition of specific occupational skills, and pre-vocational training, i.e. the development of awareness of the world of work and employment. Education develops those basic skills such as writing and numeracy which form the bedrock for more specialized occupational skills.

To determine what training is required in an organization or economy, it is beneficial to undertake a training needs analysis. As a first step the main goals or priorities have to be established; then it is necessary to consider what skills are necessary to achieve these objectives. These are compared with the existing stock of skills amongst workers. Any deficiency is referred to as a skills gap and represents the skills that should be provided by training. A comprehensive approach to training will involve a needs analysis, a programme to close this gap and a monitoring and evaluation process to determine whether it has been successful.

Although it is generally accepted that training improves job performance, UK employers are often reluctant to provide training. The UK in fact has a poor record compared with its main competitors such as Germany. Training in the UK is widely viewed as a cost rather than an investment, and one whose potential benefits are difficult to quantify on the balance sheet. Employers fear that employees, once trained, will leave or be poached for higher paid employment.

Traditionally, the training system in the UK was voluntarist (see VOLUNTARISM) in that the state had little role in directing the structures and content of training programmes and institutions. However, state intervention has grown in recent years. Currently, the system of vocational training is overseen by the recently-created national and local LEARNING AND SKILLS COUNCILS and the government has established a framework of vocational qualifications (see NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION). There is also an emphasis on skill development and training amongst the unemployed in the Welfare-to-Work programme. Participants in this programme receive training as part of work placements. See MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT, ACCREDITATION OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING, ACCREDITATION OF PRIOR LEARNING, APPRENTICESHIP, NEW DEAL.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson


the process of extending and improving the SKILLS and KNOW-HOW of people so as to improve the performance of the LABOUR FORCE and thus enhance PRODUCTIVITY. A broad distinction can be made between ‘vocational training’, that is, training concerned with the acquisition of specific occupational skills, and ‘general education’, which develops those basic skills such as writing and numeracy that form the basis for the development of more specialized occupational skills.

Vocational training is provided by firms through apprenticeships (‘on-the-job’ training), in-company short courses, management development programmes, etc. Governments also sponsor and finance vocational training initiatives as well as undertaking responsibilities for the provision of general education. Currently the system of government vocational training is overseen by the recently created national and local LEARNING AND SKILLS COUNCILS, and the government has established a framework of vocational qualifications (National Vocational Qualifications - NVQs) to encourage training in transferable skills.

Under the NEW DEAL (1998), unemployed youths (in the age group 18–24) and the older long-term unemployed (aged 25 or over), receiving the JOBSEEKERS ALLOWANCE, can be placed on a one-year full-time training course. See INVESTORS IN PEOPLE, DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION AND SKILLS.

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
With the exception of New York State Police personnel, the Suffolk County Police Academy trained most of these officers.
"You really can't consider a person as trained unless they've actually been able to do it."
* the Brownfields Minority Worker Training Program--awardees trained nearly 2,000 workers in 15 brownfields commtmities, in the process positively changing the lives of the trainees and their families in many different ways; and
Marketing to potential referral sources did not start in earnest until the service coordinators were trained and out in the field.
However, as increasing numbers of individuals are trained and enter the follow-along phase of supported employment, job coaches cannot be expected to provide all needed services, either practically or financially.
Friends and allies trained through these programs understand the way the U.S.
The client deals directly with each college, but we orchestrate the points of contact." Recently, CON*NECT completed a contract with the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care that trained 2,000 people at 15 sites across the province in just three weeks using the expertise of four colleges: Conestoga, Confederation, Fanshawe and George Brown.
"At ABM, we are always striving to improve our level of customer service through providing the best trained personnel in the business," said Mr.
Another challenge is timing--getting our workforce trained at the right time in their careers.
As more employees feel less secure in the post-industrial firm, higher absenteeism and turnover result, which in turn means that replacement employees must be trained. Given that significant new training and learning needs arise out of the unique character of the post-industrial workplace, does it follow that training managers should be applying an entirely new set of training principles specifically designed for the modern firm?
Further, using actors or trained confederates in the various scenario roles provides many benefits.