An investment philosophy that considers macroeconomic factors. When making investment decisions a top-down investor first considers the broad condition of the economy, then factors affecting specific industries expected to outperform the economy, and, finally, individual companies expected to do the best in those industries. Proponents of top-down investing argue that it identifies good companies more efficiently, while critics contend that it does not let the investor know the details of each specific stock. See also: Bottom-up investing.
Making investment decisions by first focusing on economic forecasts and then evaluating prospects for individual industries and companies. Compare bottom-up investing.