Accuracy and time efficiency for the detection of thoracic cage
fractures: volume rendering compared with transverse computed tomography images.
measurements were performed in three planes, using tape measure and calipers, which also served as the model for our study.
Blood presure changes once with altitude increase and respiratory frequency is influenced directly by the cardiac frequency, fully exploating elasticity of the thoracic cage
airway hyper-reactivity (asthma), bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans or reduced (restrictive lung function) with pathologies that involve the lung parenchyma (ILD), the pleura or the thoracic cage
After resection of sternum based on different pathologic processes each surgeon has two key points in his/her mind: reconstruction of bony part of thoracic cage
and then soft tissue coverage of the reconstructed site.
The lesion may progressively enlarge and extend in to the extrapleural space distorting the lungs and mediastinum and filling most of the thoracic cage
Wang, "Preliminary analysis of the forces on the thoracic cage
of patients with pectus excavatum after the Nuss procedure," Clinical Biomechanics, vol.
Although the infection mechanism of primary tuberculosis of the thoracic cage
is not fully elucidated, it is thought that it is caused by reactivation or spreading of the foci, which are formed during the hematogenous or lymphatic dissemination of tuberculosis bacilli and stayed inactive, through the lung and neighboring the pleura (6-8).
, respiratory muscles, elastic recoil of lungs.
As flexibility decreases in the thoracic cavity, lung capacity decreases to about 80% of original volume. There is a 1% to 30% possibility of apical fibrosis, the replacement of lung connective tissue with scar tissue, as seen in postinflammatory diseases like pulmonary tuberculosis.[1,6] Routine spasms of the chest that occur during coughing and sneezing can cause rib fractures and pneumothorax in AS patients due to the inability of the thoracic cage
to expand once its joints have ankylosed.
The effects of developmental differences and pathological changes on the structure and function of the thoracic cage
are also summarized.
A 64-year-old African American man without remarkable clinical history consulted the oncology surgery service concerned about a palpable left-sided thoracic cage