To compare the comitative and terminative in these two languages.
Kettunen (1956 : 5) discusses the terminative in Finnic languages and concludes that "Der Terminative kommt als vollkommen produktiver Kasus nur in Estnischen".
The most detailed discussion of the comitative and terminative is provided in (Oinas 1961).
In Grunthal 2003 : 27 both the Votic comitative and terminative are qualified as case suffixes.
3) The Votic and Ingrian terminative also originates from a postposition, and thus poses a similar challenge for a researcher.
The questionnaires were designed to check different criteria, which define the position of the comitative and terminative on a conventional scale between prototypical cases and postpositions.
In particular, the speakers were not able to produce or evaluate sentences with an emphatic particle -tsi inserted between the stem and the comitative or terminative marker; therefore we cannot use this criterion in the analysis.
Both the comitative and terminative markers contain a full vowel (a or a), but they do not have front-vocalic variants (* -ka (6) or * -ssa), and they do not change if added to a front-vocalic stem:
According to this criterion, both the comitative and terminative are similar to postpositions.
The terminative marker ssa is prosodically independent because it carries its own stress.
According to this criterion, the comitative is similar to case markers, while the terminative is similar to postpositions.
As mentioned above, there is a variation in the transcription of the comitative and terminative markers by different authors (cf.