Consequently, an understanding of the cause, severity, and temporal distribution of maxillofacial trauma permits clinical and research priorities to be established for effective treatment and prevention of those injuries.12,13 Treatment of maxillofacial fracture include fixation with mini plates, wire fixation, intermaxillary fixation, graft and proplast application for reconstruction of bone defects and elevation by Gillies temporal method
in the case of zygoma fracture are the most common treatment options used in the world and also in our hospital.
One such method, called the temporal method
, is based on the logic that if Ne determines rates of change in genetic variation, hen a measure of genetic change over time should allow Net be estimated.
To reduce sequential contraction bias, The presentation order was randomized and the expected results for left and right monitors in spatial method and first and second sequence in temporal method
were counterbalanced [Poulton 1989].
If a different presentation currency has been adopted, the temporal method
of translation should be used - in other words, treat transactions as if they had been conducted by the parent.
Signals of unusual clusters of ILI are identified by three statistical models: small area method, spatio-temporal method, and purely temporal method
. These models are estimated daily, and signals are reported based on pre-determined thresholds.
The same can be said for the translation example under the temporal method
using the Russian ruble as the local currency in Chapter 9.
If the functional currency is the dollar, then the temporal method
is used to "remeasure" the foreign financial statements (See Exhibit 1).
The so-called temporal method
is based on the logic that when genetic drift is the only cause of allele frequency change over time [N.sub.e] can be estimated from empirical observations on temporal change in those frequencies (Krimbas and Tsakas 1971; Nei and Tajima 1981a; Pollak 1983; Waples 1989; Jorde and Ryman 1995).
Very broadly speaking, the DASTM rules are reminiscent of the temporal method
rules of SFAS 8 (replaced in the early 1980s by SFAS 52).
Otherwise, use the temporal method
of translation - in other words, treat the transactions as if they had been entered into by the parent company.
Waples (1989) examined two sampling models that can be used when estimating [N.sub.e] with the temporal method
. Under plan I, allele frequencies are estimated from the adult population (sampled either non-destructively or postreproduction); and under plan II, individuals are sampled (without replacement) before reproduction.
We are less convinced of Nunney's criticisms that our application of the temporal method
leads to underestimates of [N.sub.e].