Under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code, the exchange of two assets of like kind, even if of different quality, that are used for a business or for investment purposes. The goods exchanged are not assessed capital gains taxes. More precisely, capital gains taxes are deferred until an asset is resold with no intention of reinvestment. Tax-free exchanges also apply if one sells an asset with the intention to use the proceeds to buy a similar asset. For example, if a farmer sells his farm and uses the money to buy another farm, capital gains taxes are likely deferred on the money he made on the sale of the first farm. The same would be true if the he traded farm for farm.
An exchange of assets between taxpayers in which any gain or loss is not recognized in the period during which the exchange takes place. Rather, taxpayers are required to adjust the basis of assets exchanged.
A common term for a tax-deferred exchange. It is not tax free; one pays the taxes at a later date. See 1031 exchange.