# population

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## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
POHO recognizes that zones may need the ability to respond to local needs in order to deliver the FV applications to the target population. An example may include delivering preschool FV applications to a congregate group that includes members who are not within the standard target age.
There must be a careful study on the combination of price, the product features, limitations, and the approach and manner of explaining the product to the target population, to ensure consumers understand what they are buying.
Consistent with the intent of the grant, the target population fit Into one of the following categories:
of Scotland's MA places; only 74 (0.3 per physical a had starts new 2011/12's of cent) eight around despite disability, learning or per cent of the target population - 16 to 24-year olds - being disabled.
The rate of colorectal cancer screening was actually highest (57%) in men and women aged 75-79 years, and lower (48%) in the younger age groups specified by the guidelines as the target population. The rate of colorectal cancer screening was almost as high among subjects aged 80 years and older (47%) as it was in the target population.
"This is more effective than relying too heavily on Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation data, which includes nought-18-year-olds, or free school meals, for which our target population is not eligible.
The complexity, the methods, and the questions to be asked will depend on the type of information that a health center needs and the unique challenges of the target population. For example, some of the challenges of the farmworker population include: high mobility, seasonal fluctuations of employment, variety of agricultural tasks, economic trends of agriculture, weather patterns, availability of housing, and lack of field sanitation.
The Backbone project was established with the good intentions of letting professors, students, and workers have access to new technologies but the target population was not really prepared to welcome this project because of a lack of information about it.
"Women seeking abortion may be an important target population for intervention because a small but growing body of research suggests that intimate partner violence prevalence is higher among abortion patients than among women who continue their pregnancies." (Page 1,412)
1, with 56 percent of its target population holding degrees.
Equivalence of study population and target population is another main point.

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