Defining the therapeutic role of local anesthetic sympathetic blockade
in complex regional pain syndrome: a narrative and systematic review.
Meningococcal purpura fulminans: treatment of vascular insufficiency in a 2-yr-old child with lumbar epidural sympathetic blockade
. Anesthesiology 1989; 71: 463-464.
There were no significant differences between groups in intraoperative variables including the use of sympathetic blockade
(regional anaesthesia), heparin, dextrans, temperature at completion of anastomosis, total microscope time or blood loss (Table 2).
Spasm can be relieved by the addition of a regional block to produce a sympathetic blockade
, application of local lidocaine, application of warm saline, and by warming the patient.
leads to dilatation of both resistance and capacitance vessels in the region supplied by the blockade nerves.
Treatment with the TRPA1 antagonist or sympathetic blockade
lowered the LF/HF ratio and prevented wDE-induced arrhythmia sensitivity.
Effect of regional sympathetic blockade
Intestinal perfusion was increased due to sympathetic blockade
, this being already found in previous studies at the muscularis and the mucosal layers (29, 30), and in other experimental models in multiple organs (see Annex 3 for additional references).
The paravertebral block produces predominantly unilateral sympathetic blockade
compared to bilateral sympathetic blockade
after thoracic epidural block.
The effect of sympathetic blockade
on facial sweating and cutaneous vasculer responses to painful stimulation of the eye.
As expected, sympathetic blockade
with atenolol significantly increased the RR interval, whereas parasympathetic blockade with methylatropine resulted in a nonsignificant decrease in the RR interval (Figure 5A).
Measurement of skin temperature can be used as an indicator of sympathetic blockade
induced by neuraxial anaesthesia.