supply-side economics

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Supply-side economics

A theory of economics that reductions in tax rates will stimulate investment and in turn will benefit the entire society.

Supply-Side Economics

A macroeconomic theory that a government can best promote growth by providing incentives for persons to produce goods and services. The primary way a supply-side oriented government does this is by maintaining low tax rates so that investors and entrepreneurs may use their money toward production. Maintaining low tax rates on the wealthy is one of the most important and controversial aspects of supply-side economics; the theory states that well off persons have the capital available to produce goods and services and thereby create jobs and grow the economy. Critics contend that this does not happen in reality, and that the wealthy are more likely to keep, rather than invest, their money. In the United States, supply-side economics was crucial to the economic policy in the Ronald Reagan administration. See also: Keynesian economics, Monetarism, Trickle-down economics.

supply-side economics

The branch of economics that concentrates on measures to increase output of goods and services in the long run. The basis of supply-side economics is that marginal tax rates should be reduced to provide incentives to supply additional labor and capital, and thereby promote long-term growth.

supply-side economics

the branch of economic analysis concerned with the productive capability of an economy (POTENTIAL GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT) and with policies that attempt to expand the stock of factors of production and to improve the flexibility of factor markets so as to generate the largest possible output for a given level of AGGREGATE DEMAND. Supply-side economists have examined institutional rigidities in factor markets and the effect of higher factor prices in ‘pricing people out of jobs’. This has led them to condemn the activities of trade unions in labour markets on the grounds that trade unions impose RESTRICTIVE LABOUR PRACTICES (such as overmanning and demarcation boundaries) and push WAGE RATES up to levels that exceed the MARGINAL REVENUE PRODUCTIVITY of the workers concerned, thereby causing UNEMPLOYMENT and COST-PUSH INFLATION. Such ideas have also led supply-side economists to condemn certain SOCIAL-SECURITY BENEFITS systems and PROGRESSIVE TAXATION systems for creating a POVERTY TRAP that acts as a disincentive for the unemployed to take low-paid jobs.

More broadly, supply-side economics has been concerned with ways in which the AGGREGATE SUPPLY SCHEDULE can be shifted outwards so as to enable more output to be produced in response to growing aggregate demand without raising the PRICE LEVEL.

Governments may adopt supply-side policies to increase the stock of factors of production and to improve the efficiency of resource use by promoting the flexibility of markets in responding to demand changes. These policies include reductions in taxation and other disincentives to work to increase labour participation rates; financial incentives to increase capital investment in plant and equipment and promote similar investments in process and product invention and innovation; education and training policies to improve the supply of required skills; more competition in the financial sector to improve the efficiency of capital markets; privatization and reduced government control of industry (deregulation) to encourage industrial efficiency; regional policy assistance, private rented accommodation and portable pensions to encourage labour mobility; lower tax rates and changed social security benefits to provide incentives to work harder and take risks; curbs on the power of trade unions to improve the flexibility of labour markets, wider share ownership and assistance to the self-employed to promote enterprise culture. These measures can help to increase economic growth rates and reduce unemployment. See also NEGATIVE INCOME TAX, PROFIT-RELATED PAY, LAFFER CURVE.

References in periodicals archive ?
Rumsfeld was on the board of Kemp's research and advocacy group, Empower America, and shares many of his supply-side views.
Let us distinguish between two versions of supply-side economics.
Again, on the face, the 1930s would seem to confirm supply-side theory.
Without dramatic supply-side reform, a high growth-led fiscal stabilization will not happen.
Having softened the beaches for the supply-side revolution, Bartley and friends now find themselves defending their historical legacy.
Much of it did, in fact, take place over cocktails; indeed, Bartley and the rest of the supply-side gang, including economists Robert Mundell and Arthur Laffer, formed a kind of pro-market, gin-swilling Bloomsbury Group, debating economic theory at Michael 1, a pseudo-swish lower Manhattan restaurant that I recall as being heavy on the Naugahyde.
Among supply-side energy management companies, Summit is now the largest, in terms of both energy spend under management and professional staff size.
This economist has something approaching a social conscience (always refreshing to discover in a Bush administration apparatchik) and several ideas that don't fit the doctrinaire supply-side mold.
By harnessing complementary aspects of the sun's power, Solar is preparing to symmetrically alleviate the marine and atmospheric CO2 overload with both demand-side and supply-side solutions.
Taking shots at monetarism (tight money) and supply-side (enormous tax cut) policies, he calls Reaganomics "the worst of both worlds--a soft head and a hard heart.
Product traders, analysts, and asset owners will benefit from the comprehensiveness and ease of use PetroCast Live provides to facilitate a clear understanding of the supply-side fundamentals.