Each species' successional
position (defined as the successional
year of peak cover) was extracted from the BSS data following Meiners (2007).
In pristine environments, early successional
habitats are relatively scarce and only cover a small area of the total environment, but human processes have changed their dynamics and characteristics.
The model constructed was developed using criteria that characterize the successional
stages of forest formation in the Atlantic Forest of Sao Paulo state, established by CONAMA Resolution #01/1994.
Like the universal legatee, the legatee under universal title is entitled, under article 1058 Civil Code, to the fruits of successional
assets from the moment he requested the writ of possession or since it was handed over to him voluntarily.
For the present study, four Atlantic Forest forest fragments in different successional
stages (FF1, FF2, FF3 and FF4) and four abandoned pasture areas (AP1, AP2, AP3 and AP4) were selected (Figure 1).
Chestnut-sided warblers (Setophaga pensylvanica) breed in early successional
deciduous forests in the northeastern United States (Byers et al.
In general, plants closest to the active channel are usually younger, recently established woody vegetation (i.e., early successional
species; Scott et al., 1997).
In forest successional
processes, especially in the late successional
stages, trees play a more important role than pioneer species in ameliorating soil structure, with consequent impacts on changing [K.sub.s] down the soil profile (Li and Shao 2006).
The fragment considered as intermediate successional
forest has been under protection for the last 15 years, after having been used for cattle raising.
But at the second site, the team determined that "species performance" was the successional
process dominating plant establishment and survival, since the native plants at the site were outnumbered by their invasive neighbors.
Fort Drum is dominated by early successional
forest (aspen, birch, cherry) of varying ages; Partridge Run exhibits older, later successional
forest (elm, ash, maple) with some thick coverts and overgrown apple orchards.
Based on all 20 species, 10 (50%) are considered early successional
species by many authorities.