Like the universal legatee, the legatee under universal title is entitled, under article 1058 Civil Code, to the fruits of successional
assets from the moment he requested the writ of possession or since it was handed over to him voluntarily.
For the present study, four Atlantic Forest forest fragments in different successional
stages (FF1, FF2, FF3 and FF4) and four abandoned pasture areas (AP1, AP2, AP3 and AP4) were selected (Figure 1).
Due to the low occurrence of naturally occurring early successional
habitat creation, chestnut-sided warbler habitat, and thus population expansion, was limited.
Despite the evidences recorded on the successional
dynamics in temperate oligotrophic areas, the low number of studies does not allow to determine which model corresponds to the succession in tropical regions (UHL, 1987; MENEZES; ARAUJO, 2004).
To characterize how plant species richness and vertical structure changed across successional
gradients, we ran General Linear Models (GLMs) with distance from vegetation edge as the independent variable and either plant species richness or vertical cover as dependent variables.
Acer negundo is an early successional
species that does not tolerate severe floods.
In forest successional
processes, especially in the late successional
stages, trees play a more important role than pioneer species in ameliorating soil structure, with consequent impacts on changing [K.
The experiments were carried out in four successional
stages: secondary forests of 9-11years, 15-20years, and 40-55years since abandonment of pastures, and old-growth forests (sensu Clark 1996).
The fragment considered as intermediate successional
forest has been under protection for the last 15 years, after having been used for cattle raising.
The researchers decided that both "species availability" and "site availability" were the successional
issues that needed to be addressed.
Management efforts to restore early successional
habitats that grouse need for nesting and brood rearing may help sustain populations of this popular game bird.
Based on all 20 species, 10 (50%) are considered early successional
species by many authorities.