A second attribute of immigration innovation concerns overlapping authority across various subagencies
that exercise enforcement discretion, creating novel opportunities for dialogue and enhancing the potential for different actors--with their respective interests, perspectives, and pedigrees--to influence agency policy.
The most important of these is the Ministry of Public Works, Transport, and Telecommunications, although much of the tasks of the ministry are carried out by numerous autonomous subagencies
. These units are charged with specific tasks such as the maintenance of bridges and roads or trash collection.
The Department of Defense and its subagencies
rely heavily on commercial networks to transfer data across the globe; (32) nevertheless, individual federal agencies, states, and private corporations were left by and large to defend themselves.
Research partnership agencies and subagencies
might not have adequate means of communication.
(98) DHS now controls a host of functions within subagencies
, including TSA, which was created in the immediate aftermath of 9/11 to oversee all transportation-related security activities, with a particular focus on airport security.
The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of NASA, USDA, AgMIP, or any of its subagencies
. The author wishes to thank two anonymous reviewers for their observations.
In 1994, 100 federal entities were audited, and 59 received unqualified opinions." These 1994 audits were scattered among agencies (and subagencies
, bureaus, and funds) within federal government departments.
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies and any of their subagencies
. The authors thank Jackson State University, Biostatistical Support Unit, for assistance in statistical analysis.
The Defense Department, and some 20 subagencies
, are deeply concerned that cuttingedge technologies found within the aircraft are not exported.
Views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect views of NOAA or any of its subagencies
. This work also was supported (in part) by National Science Foundation grants DEB-0080381 and DEB-0621014.
is best performed by one of these federal agencies" (here referring to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Housing Administration, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and their assorted subagencies
The Department of the Interior is fielding multiple subagencies
to support the unified command.