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The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
area, said that she was struck upon returning to South Korea by the student elections.
The brewers of the third tier, an assortment of micro-, pub- and contract brewers, have struck upon a formula for growth in a flat industry.
Gateshead MP Ian Mearns, a Labour member of the Commons education select committee, questioned how the Government had struck upon the number of families to help - warning others could be left unassisted.
Young hopes the boss has struck upon a winning formula by offering extra protection to the defence and allowing Villa's forwards to express themselves.
The winning for mula which was struck upon in the latter stages of the campaign has created a genuine and tangible cause for hope that the good times could be just around the corner.
The couple, who live in Bishop Auckland, struck upon the flexible rental idea after finding themselves homeless when their house sale collapsed, forcing them to spend 21 days in an hotel.
It was 1953, while working in Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, that Northampton born Crick, 36 at the time, and the American Watson, just 24, struck upon the famous double-helix structure - like a twisted ladder - of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA.
They struck upon the idea in 2002 after learning that copyright for the original had expired because of a 'mix-up between the studio and the production company'.
Philliben would probably die for just a slice of the red-hot support Clyde have struck upon after an awkward start to the season.
He and his staff struck upon the idea of having national themed weeks at the start of the season in an effort to integrate the foreign arrivals in the squad and it has worked.
What's more the vital victories against Hull, Manchester United and now Sunderland have been achieved with the same starting line-up and O'Neill seems to have struck upon a winning formula.