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The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
In the Premier Division, Sunderland Samba - yet to win this season - took a 1-0 lead at Jesmond Parish Church but the hosts struck back to win 4-1 - leaving Samba relegated.
Then Skolars struck back straight away, with Skee converting his own try, and after a period of intense pressure on the Scorpions backline Andy McLean ran through and Skee converted.
France struck back again to ensure victory when Cyril Stacul charged over to the left of the sticks and Bosc converted.
St Joseph struck back when Lions goalkeeper Stuart Reed could only parry Richard Cutler's header against his own defender, Darren Hunt, and the ball finished up in the net.
Salford struck back just before half-time, Stuart Littler twisting over the line.
Fremantle struck back on behalf of itself and Cowell, saying the company hopes to resolve the matter amicably but would defend itself ``vigorously'' in court, adding that the two shows were radically different.
US forces struck back at Iraqi insurgents hours after a suicide bomber blew up a truck packed with explosives at an Italian paramilitary base, killing at least 26 people, including 18Italians.
A day later, citing unfair trade practices, SCC struck back and named both Lexmark and Dallas Semiconductor Corp.
If anything, on that fateful morning of September 11, America's political unconscious came haunting back through Hollywood's imagination, and symptom (flying saucers beaming out of nowhere to demolish the trade towers) met reality (the dark underside of repressed world politics struck back at the first world).