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Strike

The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

strike

a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

strike

a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT

ACTS 1980,1982,1988 and 1990, TRADE UNION ACT 1984, TRADE UNION REFORM AND EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS ACT 1993. See LOCKOUT, PICKET.

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, in Perth in 1922, printers struck for five weeks over plans to increase working hours and reduce wages.
states were struck in both their southeastern and southwestern areas?
19 deadline looming, the head of the Northwest Airlines pilots union said he hopes a deal can be struck between management and the mechanics union.
Added text is in boldface; deleted text is [begin strike through] struck through.) [end strike through]
The healthcare unions had struck over government plans to privatize the country's healthcare system.
We shed not a tear when the union was ultimately struck out by the courts.
According to myth, a powerful and boastful behemoth was struck and slain by a tiny stone, hurled by an erstwhile hero.
Simpson, whose Corsair (BuNo 97479) struck the ground and exploded.
''Since the management continues to remain adamant in its position of not canceling the deal it has struck with the Chinese airline, no end to the strike is in sight,'' Dhakal said.
As such, it was one of the most startling blows any labor movement has struck in recent years against neoliberal economic policies in the Third World.
Junior doctors struck nationwide to thwart government plans to fire doctors in regions that overshoot spending limits.