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The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
Bill authors have to consider whether the bill is worth keeping at all if its main provision is struck down.
Struck will work in partnership with Poul Praestgaard, VP of Engineering for Tymphany's Denmark Operations, to drive LAT development efforts in Tymphany's Denmark offices, where the engineering team is undergoing significant growth in order to support the company's commitment to advancing the state-of-the-art in audio transducer technology across its brands.
The potential insured losses resulting from storms of the sizes which struck early in the last century would be even greater than Andrew since the population of Florida in the 1920s and 1930s was only a small fraction of the current population.
And Lempert noted that very few new customers will be lured to the stores being struck, even for free turkeys.
It was the first time in 10 days of attacks that NATO had struck the center of Belgrade, a once-thriving capital that has slowly withered under years of economic sanctions and diplomatic isolation caused by Milosevic's policies.
Near Al Hasakah, four strikes struck three separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed four ISIL structures and an ISIL tactical vehicle, it said.
Nearly 250 cruise missiles launched from seven warships and a submarine in the Persian Gulf - followed up by 40 attacks by fighter jets launched from the aircraft carrier Enterprise - struck more than 50 targets in the first day of the attack, Shelton announced.
Little wonder that the second week of the strike ended with 97% of the pickets firm in their refusal to heed company calls to cross the line (PATCO suffered a 20% defection rate, half of whom never struck, while the others crossed over).
The following is a summary of the strikes conducted against ISIL since the last press release: In Syria, near Abu Kamal, one strike struck an ISIL crude oil collection point.