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Strike

The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.

strike

a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.

strike

a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT

ACTS 1980,1982,1988 and 1990, TRADE UNION ACT 1984, TRADE UNION REFORM AND EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS ACT 1993. See LOCKOUT, PICKET.

References in periodicals archive ?
3 : to attack or seize suddenly <The snake struck.
He supports, for example, a stronger superintendent, and more local control, and would continue to support those concepts even if the council of mayors and the partnership were struck down.
While the other groups tended to lessen the prestige of the struck company, the students could enhance it.
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The RAB represents about 900 of the struck buildings in the negotiations for a collective bargaining agreement with the union, Local 32B-32J of the Service Employees Union, that has been on strike since dawn on January 4th.
In 1926, three hurricanes struck Florida, including a category four storm, which ripped through what is now Miami-Dade county, and in 1933, another three storms struck Florida.
In Syria near Al-Shaddadi, one strike struck an IS tactical unit and destroyed an IS vehicle and an IS fighting position, the announcement said.
for the workers out on strike who are obviously falling far behind in terms of income, and for the stores being struck - this is one of the big selling seasons.
Workers in other unionized Oahu hotels have pledged to join the picket lines at any struck hotel, and they have also signed up to financially support any workers that are on strike.
In Syria, near Ar Raqqah, four strikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and an ISIL weapons cache and destroyed an ISIL oil pump-jack and an ISIL checkpoint.
A barrage of seven cruise missiles - fired from American warships and a British submarine in the Adriatic - struck just before 1 a.