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The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
Northwest mechanics receive little support from other unions: Striking mechanics at Northwest Airlines are not receiving much support from the carrier's pilots and flight attendants.
In 1903, Great Lakes shippers recruited replacements for their striking ship stokers from the training camp of one of America's leading "Muscular Christians," University of Chicago football and track and field coach Amos Alonzo Stagg.
The Boeing Company today (March 24) extended the benefits package won by the striking SPEEA members to non-represented company employees, commonly called NSPs.
In many cases, union payments to the workers have been cut in half - from about $250 to $125 - and medical benefits for the striking employees ended Jan.
His basic argument is that more combative labor forces lose a higher percentage of strikes than less combative ones--because they put forth more radical demands--but that ultimately they profit from unacknowledged preemptive offers of higher wages made by employers who hope to limit future striking.
One of the meetings, which drew more than 1,300 striking workers, served as a backdrop for the press conference.
It was the biggest rally since the strike began, and the first major strategy session, an encouraging sign to many striking employees who have been toiling on the picket lines for 66 days.
The intersection area between the northeast trending Bjorkdal zone and the east-southeast striking Storheden zone is a major exploration target.
This weekend, a UFCW motor home dubbed the ``Turkey Express'' was handing out thousands of free turkey vouchers to striking grocery employees throughout Southern California in an effort to keep spirits high despite the prospect of the strike dragging through the holidays.
Southern California's three largest supermarkets and their 70,000 striking employees face tough times during the normally busy and profitable holiday season, hit hard by lost business and lost wages.
Hahn, Ludlow and Villaraigosa have pushed the striking mechanics union's goal of submitting the dispute to arbitration.
With signs growing that shoppers were returning to the major supermarkets, striking grocery workers suddenly pulled their pickets from all 249 Southern California Ralphs stores Friday in an attempt to tighten the vise on Vons and Albertson's.