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Strike

The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

strike

a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

strike

a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT

ACTS 1980,1982,1988 and 1990, TRADE UNION ACT 1984, TRADE UNION REFORM AND EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS ACT 1993. See LOCKOUT, PICKET.

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In return, striking detainees send messages confirming that they will achieve victory by having their demands met.
Sometimes the management of establishments with striking workers hires new workers to do the jobs of the strikers.
From this finding they again argue that the propensity to striking is best explained by the failures of managerial and supervisory staff, though this is speculative given the small number of local studies available.
Turning aside UMW President Mitchell's pleas to avoid striking, the locals one by one voted to participate in a regional walkout.
Striking mechanics at Northwest Airlines will not participate in its bankruptcy reorganization process.
The superintendents are covered under a different contract that is due to expire June 20, and are expected to work until that time, even if the other employees are striking. But their contract states they can only continue with their normal duties, not the work of striking employees, except in emergencies involving health and safety.
He shows that women's participation horrified numerous outside observers, but suggests that husbands and fathers in the countryside found no reason to object and that they voted socialist because the socialists not only defended small property but also provided organizational and material support for the striking women.
The striking Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association is not part of the AFL-CIO, the large labor federation.
Since New York State has traditionally been unionized, unlike in other states, one cheerful note for the strikers is that they will be able to collect unemployment benefits, but that is after seven weeks of striking.
The Jamaican-owned Limon Times, which had so vigorously denounced the Company and the British authorities during the strike, had nothing but scorn for the "crowds of the unwashed" attending myalist ceremonies and the "obnoxious vermins as these obeahmen."(70) Thus, strikingly, Afro-Caribbean cultural identity proved to be both the cement that held a multi-class Jamaican community together around the striking workers and, in the end, the issue which divided the community, apparently along class lines.
Striking employees were carefully watched by union organizers, but few buildings ever had more than a handful present.
In 1919 Harold Laski, then a young instructor at Harvard, came under fierce attack from prominent donors, alumni, and students for publicly declaring his support for striking Boston policemen.