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The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
There have been three fairly clear inflection points in how often the Court uses the power of judicial review to strike down statutes, but the timing of those shifts are slightly different for the review of state laws versus the review of federal laws.
The Chief Justice remarked that it was important that the largest body of lawyers (Pakistan Bat Council) was seeking orders to strike down the law.
A severability clause instructs courts to strike down only the part of an act they find unconstitutional, rather than the whole act.
fears that Monti is a protectionist, but will likely do little to assuage American frustration that a bureaucrat in Brussels would dare to strike down a merger between two American companies that had already received the blessing of U.
The court continued to strike down important legislative acts in the late 1920s into the 1930s.
NEW YORK -- The recent decision in a Federal District Court in New York to strike down a patent for the breast cancer related BRCA-1 gene may not have the broad impact on the technology industry it had originally been feared to, says a New York attorney.
Summary: New Delhi [India] Aug 23 (ANI): The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Wednesday hailed the Supreme Court's decision to strike down the 'regressive practice' of Triple Talaq and said the verdict will be written in golden letters in India's post independence history.
Courts typically consider the severability issue when weighing whether to strike down all or part of a piece of legislation, and can decide to overrule a severability clause and strike down the entire bill, she said.
Justice McCombs of the Superior Court of Justice rejected the constitutional challenge, saying that to strike down the law would be to criminalize any form of physical restraint used against a child by a parent, even the effort to put an unwilling child in a car seat.
We are optimistic that the courts will strike down this misguided program on constitutional grounds.
Take the issue of affirmative action: Since 1978, when the Bakke case involving the University of California's decision to set aside 16 out of 100 places for minorities at the Davis School of Medicine was decided, conservatives have voted to strike down virtually every affirmative action plan to come before the court, regardless of whether the plan was adopted by state or federal legislators or officials.