population

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population

  1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

    The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

  2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Populationclick for a larger image
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
As exemplified by the full participant results, the degree of program savings is larger for the dynamic population (ratio of incident rate ratios [IRRs] = 0.91) than the stable population (ratio of IRRs = 1.01).
A more stable population size will encourage investors to fill health care capacity gaps as well as induce them to attract qualified professionals." - Majd Abu Zant | CEO, HealthPlus Network of Specialty Centres
Ratio-based analysis indicated that 18 of 40 patients showed an M:E ratio [greater than or equal to] 1 (>50% of mesenchymal fraction) in the progressive population, whereas 14/18 patients showed an M:E ratio <1 (>50% of the epithelial fraction) in the stable population. Although this method of analysis is a good way to predict the therapeutic response, it did not provide improvement of statistical significance in our analysis.
"What seems to be going on in New Hampshire, including other states that have a stable population, is that they don't have a steady flow of new residents and business owners coming into the state.
It has the highest and stable population of Mahaseer in the country.
"Here, there is a stable population who have fairly long sentences related to sexual offences.
- Campaign leaflets of Stable Population Party's William Bourke
For example, Europe's "fertility rate" between 2005 and 2010 was just 1.53 live births per woman (the standard replacement rate to maintain a stable population is 2.1).
The growth is likely to be fuelled by a growing and economically stable population.
It is important for policymakers to examine both cases of counties that were successful in promoting stable population growth as well as those that failed to sustain their populations.
Their lack of common ancient relatives meshes with the idea that Italy had a large and stable population that was fed by a diverse assortment of people and not overwhelmed by any single group of migrants.