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Spread

(1) The gap between bid and ask prices of a stock or other security. (2) The simultaneous purchase and sale of separate futures or options contracts for the same commodity for delivery in different months. Also known as a straddle. (3) Difference between the price at which an underwriter buys an issue from a firm and the price at which the underwriter sells it to the public. (4) The price an issuer pays above a benchmark fixed-income yield to borrow money.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Spread

The difference between two prices. For example, if one sells an asset for a higher price than one bought it, this profit is called a spread. It may also refer to the difference between the highest bid and the lowest offer for a security. See also: Bid-ask spread, Arbitrage, Spread option.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

spread

1. A position taken in two or more options or futures contracts to profit through a change in the relative price relationships. Purchasing an option to expire in October and selling an option on the same asset expiring three months earlier is one example of a spread.
2. The difference in price between two futures contracts that are identical except for delivery date.
3. The difference between the bid and ask prices for a particular security. A large spread often indicates inactive trading of the security. Also called markup. See also effective spread, gross spread, narrow the spread.
4. The difference in yields between two fixed-income securities. See also basis point.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Spread.

In the most general sense, a spread is the difference between two similar measures. In the stock market, for example, the spread is the difference between the highest price bid and the lowest price asked.

With fixed-income securities, such as bonds, the spread is the difference between the yields on securities having the same investment grade but different maturity dates. For example, if the yield on a long-term Treasury bond is 6%, and the yield on a Treasury bill is 4%, the spread is 2%.

The spread may also be the difference in yields on securities that have the same maturity date but are of different investment quality. For example, there is a 3% spread between a high-yield bond paying 9% and a Treasury bond paying 6% that both come due on the same date.

The term also refers to the price difference between two different derivatives of the same class.

For instance, there is typically a spread between the price of the October wheat futures contract and the January wheat futures contract. Part of that spread is known as the cost of carry. However, the spread widens and narrows, caused by changes in the market -- in this case the wheat market.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

spread

the difference between the bid (buy) and offer (sell) price of a FINANCIAL SECURITY, FOREIGN CURRENCY or COMMODITY quoted by a MARKET MAKER or dealer. See BID PRICE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

spread

see BID PRICE.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005

spread

(1) The difference between the asking price and an offer. For example, if the seller was asking $1.5 million but the offer was only $1.2 million, the spread would be $300,000. (2) The difference between the cost of money and the earning rates.

Example: A mortgage banker is able to borrow money at 7 percent interest because of its excellent credit and high net worth. It then loans that money out on moderately risky ventures at 15 percent interest. The spread is 8 percent.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Value of the spreadability after 180 seconds (mean [+ or -] SD, n=3).
The essence of quality semi-solid manufacturing is the proper treatment of oil and water phases to optimize effectiveness and produce desired physical qualities of homogeneity, particle distribution and spreadability. Proper temperature monitoring helps assure successful results for production of creams, ointments and gels.
Compared with those on glass substrate and ITO, the Ag has a better spreadability and the Ag layer is deposited more uniformly and continuously on AZO.
Treatments Overall Color Texture impression T1 5.45a 5.71a 5.55a T2 4.88a 5.35a 4.79a T3 4.12b 5.73a 4.69a T4 4.77ab 4.41b 5.18a LSD ** 0.7451 0.7398 0.8155 F Sample 6.41 8.28 28.89 Treatments Flavor Brightness Spreadability T1 5.31a 5.51a 5.24a T2 5.10a 5.12a 4.20bc T3 4.65a 4.65b 4.00c T4 4.86a 4.92ab 4.37abc LSD ** 0.8011 0.7922 0.9181 F Sample 10.13 2.85 5.21 T1 (40%A:60%CH).
Sensory properties of jams made from baobab-hog plum fruit pulp Sample Colour Flavour Taste APJ 4.11b 3.44a 4.33a HPJ 4.89a 2.56c 3.56b BBJ 2.11f 2.67c 2.22d BHJ 3.11d 3.33b 3.56b HBJ 2.67e 3.11b 3.00c JHB 3.78c 3.33b 3.67b Sample Texture Spreadability Overall acceptability APJ 3.11b 3.33c 4.44a HPJ 3.11b 2.56e 3.78b BBJ 3.44b 3.67b 2.44d BHJ 3.89a 4.00a 3.22c HBJ 2.67c 3.00d 2.56d JHB 2.67c 3.44c 3.11c The values with the same alphabets are not significantly different from each other (P < 0.05).
After the drying time had been recorded, each participant received a questionnaire inquiring about his or her perception of the gel's physical and cosmetic attributes, including appearance, spreadability, ease of application, smoothness, silkiness, and scent.
Viscoelastic behavior drives end-use properties of soft matter such as the spreadability, flowability, shape stability, and physical stability.
The parameters evaluated were colour, taste, flavour, spreadability and overall acceptability.
The coating consisted of a system of Cr/Ni/Ag layers, where the tin layer exerted adhesive function, the nickel layer forms a diffusion barrier and the nickel layer assures a good solderability and spreadability in a short time (Fig.
In addition, a novel (lamellar/spherulitelike) inorganic sunscreen formulation was compared to two traditional inorganic sunscreen emulsions of comparable SPF level to determine their spreadability on infant skin.
"It has the spreadability factor and it's my prediction we will see this in Wales.