socio-technical system


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socio-technical system

an approach within ORGANIZATION THEORY, associated with the Tavistock Institute in London, which stresses that WORK ORGANIZATION has both a technical and a social dimension. In a study of coalmining, researchers found that the replacement of group working by MASS PRODUCTION methods had disrupted the prevailing social systems with adverse effects on JOB SATISFACTION. With the specialization of work tasks, miners had fewer opportunities for job rotation, and the cohesive work groups were fragmented. The researchers concluded that, to be effective, work organization should not be determined by technology alone but should take account of the prevailing social system. They found that several forms of work organization, each with its own social and psychological effects, were compatible with a given level of technology. It was thus possible to choose a method of work organization that was efficient and also provided benefits to the participants. See JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this paper we test an existing theory about resilience through a case study of an entrepreneurial socio-technical system, that of the Bitcoin digital payment and transfer protocol, using a coding template drawn from previous literature.
A socio-technical system is composed of various elements, such as technologies, actors, infrastructures, and networks, as well as the business models connecting the different elements (Bidmon & Knab, 2014) and the relationships among them necessary to fulfill societal functions (Geels, 2005).
One method for creating a unique and balanced workplace is to define policies and strategies for increasing the quality of work life in the organization and reinforce the related processes within the organizations' socio-technical systems (Chan and Wyatt 2007).
Socio-technical system theory encompasses three general subsystems': technical, social, and environmental (Barko & Pasmore, 1986; Carayon, 2006; Pasmore et al., 1982; Seiler, 1967).
Socio-technical systems in weaving, 1953-1970: a follow-up study.
First in this section, we briefly take a look on socio-technical system literature that includes transitions from one system to another, stability, instability, etc., and then we speak about possible changes in developing countries' social and political conditions in case of reaching nanotechnology-based economy.
The socio-technical system theorists contend that the needs, which people bring with them to the workplace, have to be identified and ways have to be made to meet those needs through the design of the technology and the work.
With the introduction of the socio-technical system, CIGGC improved productivity, quality, and lead-time so that in 1995 export sales accounted for 70 percent of the company's business.
The case study also demonstrated that a mine is part of a larger socio-technical system. This means that the mining industry is dealing with much greater complexity than has been recognized.
What if, instead of flaming organizational change in terms of a "socio-technical system," organizational change was reframed metaphorically to reflect the organism as a whole?
Uddevalla's innovative new socio-technical system deserves a closer examination and evaluation.
By understanding this process as a socio-technical system then the complex interaction between people, technology and the environment in which the systems are deployed are portrayed.

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