Social Contract Theory

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Social Contract Theory

The theory that morality is a manifestation of the mutual consent of all persons involved in a society. For example, murder is wrong according to social contract theory because society has generally agreed that it would not be conducive to prosperous relations, and not because it is wrong in and of itself. Social contract theory is used in government as one of the foundations of the modern state. "Government by consent of the governed," one of the most fundamental ideas of democracy, has its origins in social contract theory.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet again, the region could not carry on with the existing social contract.
Nayyar, educationist, noted with curiosity that the book repeatedly points that different sections of the society have been calling for revising social contract in the country.
A social contract found on pitching people against institutions is a dangerous move.
Those austerity measures alter the kingdom's social contract, under which the citizenry enjoyed cradle-to-grave welfare in exchange for surrender of political rights and acceptance of Saudi Arabia's strict and puritan Wahhabi interpretation of Islam.
This type of scholarly attention is welcomed because even though Rousseau wrote the Social Contract more than 250 years ago, it continues to divide scholars to this day.
To argue against the justification for authority, Huemer shows how several common strategies fail: social contract theory, democratic theory, consequentialism, and fairness.
The first chapter begins with two works, On the Beach and The Road, that do not fit Curtis's social contract interpretation, essentially showing how the social contract theory does not apply to some postapocalyptic works as there is nothing left to rebuild.
Paul Tucker made a prescient comment while perhaps unintentionally coining the perfect terminology to describe the current problem in banking: the social contract between the government and banks is out of balance, due primarily to the increased size and power of a number of banks.
He called on the rival political factions to engage in a frank dialogue and strike a new social contract based on the power-sharing National Pact set up by the Christians and Muslims in 1943 following Lebanon's independence from France.
As a divided society, Turkey does not have a social contract that could unite the different groups.
He also discusses how social media can unleash emotion and create illogical leaps; the role of certainty and minimizing choice; how signs, symbols, and iconography shape social contracts and create movements; how breaking a social contract can be terminal to a movement or person; and creating a culture shift that draws on these elements.
Citizens have resisted tax compliance due to their lack of confidence in the state, but now trust in a new, fairer and inclusive social contract slowly being built by democratic governments--trust which strengthens as the quality and quantity of services in health, education and social assistance are increased.