Social Contract Theory

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Social Contract Theory

The theory that morality is a manifestation of the mutual consent of all persons involved in a society. For example, murder is wrong according to social contract theory because society has generally agreed that it would not be conducive to prosperous relations, and not because it is wrong in and of itself. Social contract theory is used in government as one of the foundations of the modern state. "Government by consent of the governed," one of the most fundamental ideas of democracy, has its origins in social contract theory.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marx and Engels found in the theory of social contract, especially of Locke and Rousseau, a source of Utopian thought which advocates a direct democracy not based on individual interest.
But with these caveats, a points system with fully portable benefits would fit the new world of work - and could become a cornerstone of a renewed social contract.
It is against the foregoing backdrop that many academics, UN institutions, trade unions and CSOs have been talking since the turn of the millennium about the need for a new global social contract. The call for a new global social contract has been loudest this year, with the ILO centenary.
The first aspect of this twofold task sets up what will become the main focus of the chapters that follow--namely, how Rousseau's Romantic literary and philosophical descendants adhere to or disavow Rousseau's conception of the social contract. The second aspect constitutes one of the book's most promising and interesting claims: that literature itself becomes the site for rethinking this problematic, for developing .1 new form of "contract" that supercedes or replaces the social one.
There are also proposals for "a new social contract that concerns in particular a multi-year visibility on wage developments and on the establishment of a social protection floor integrating four guarantees namely: schooling, unemployment, old age and disease", according to statement released by the Council on Monday.
If the new social contract is to be really successful in addressing the grave political and social problems of the country, then it ought to be equitably beneficial for all the social classes, groups, ethnicities and genders.
He added that a national unity government can be formed after these confidence-building measures to discuss a new social contract in Sudan.
'The people need to know the historical context of the social contract which is a form of agreement and understanding among the various races when the nation was about to achieve independence.
A social contract really represents the aspirations, hopes and desires of the people from the elected government because they are paid to do the job.
Recently, 12 countries were examined in a comparative research project titled "Forging Resilient Social Contracts: Preventing Violent Extremism and Sustaining Peace," aiming to uplift the concept of social contract in advancing policy and practice for preventing violent conflict.
The King he added, also directed the government to work on a new social contract with the aim of delineating the relationship between citizens and the state based on the constitution and enhances the role of citizens in achieving sustainable development .
Buried in the protesters' slogans and demands is a call for a greater say in the country's affairs at a time that King Abdullah, driven by economic need and tectonic geopolitical shifts, is unilaterally rewriting the country's social contract.