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Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

International Chamber of Commerce

The largest business organization in the world. It provides arbitration services for disputes between member companies in different countries. The ICC also examines potential policies and other measures that can be taken to promote international commerce. It was established in 1919 and maintains its secretariat in Paris.

Interstate Commerce Commission

A former organization of the U.S. federal government established to regulate railroads. Among other things, it ensured fair prices for consumers and attempted to prevent racial discrimination on rail. Its jurisdiction was later expanded to include trucking. It was established in 1887 and was abolished in 1995.
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References in periodicals archive ?
TICKET TO RIDE: Travellers in Newport will be the first outside London to use pre-paid smart cards
Smart cards have also taken off in Scotland, where 1.5m cards are in issue.
The new product can also be deployed as a security accessory for BlackBerry smartphones even if the organisation does not use smart cards. Once paired with the BlackBerry Smart Card Reader via Bluetooth, the BlackBerry smartphone will automatically lock if it is out of range of the reader, the company said.
The directive requires the government to issue a common, smart-card-based identification credential to all federal employees and contractors, and it is forcing the government and industry to address many of the barriers to large-scale smart card deployment.
One of the benefits of the delayed implementation of EMV smart cards in Latin America is that the new card come with bigger memories.
In a subsequent position paper the Smart Card Alliance notes that industry estimates are that there will be between 15 million and 20 million Visa and MasterCard contactless chip cards in the United States by the end of 2006.
Gusmer/Decker's RimCell Select Series metering and dispensing units are suited to RAMP because they can be customized for the low outputs (e.g., 0.33 lb/min) needed to minimize forces that might disrupt precise placement of electronic components within the smart cards.
While most schools are grappling with the question of using smart cards to eliminate keys and upgrade campus security, a select group of schools are addressing access and authentication concerns with leading-edge technologies that simply make sense: biometrics.
Defined at its highest level, a smart card is a credit-card sized plastic card that includes an embedded computer chip.
Every time a physician's office calls a health plan to inquire if a patient is covered and what the copays are, it costs approximately $3.50 to $4.50, said Mallory Kates, vice president of marketing for Minneapolis-based Cardtronic Technology, a provider of health-care specific smart cards. "By providing eligibility checks at the point of service with a smart card, much of that administrative overhead can be significantly reduced."
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-18 November 2003-Setec Oy delivers 30,000 smart card modules in Portugal(C)1994-2003 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.m2.com