Best articulated by the followers of the Wang Yangming school of Confucianism in the sixteenth
century, late imperial conceptions of childhood were deeply informed by the Daoist belief that an embryo of innocence, purity, and spontaneity is innate in all humans throughout the life course, and that it must constantly be nurtured, revived, and restored by medical and meditative practices.
German universities typically had only three or four professors of both law and medicine in the sixteenth
century in faculties of twenty and more.
One title dated from the sixteenth
century, at least sixteen from the seventeenth century, and over forty titles from the eighteenth century.
A sense of contingency filtered into literary style as the sixteenth
century progressed; it even became a syntactical method.
It might have been useful to include some material from the many motet books published in the middle years of the sixteenth
century by printers active in German-speaking areas, such as the firms of Petreius, Ott, Berg and Neuber, or Gerlach.
The book ostensibly covers the period 1550-1750, although it is clear that the author's heart is really with the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries, so that the eighteenth century comprises a sort of coda in most of the chapters.
In a majority of other countries (except Italy) more or less valuable book collections of the fifteenth and sixteenth
centuries are almost exclusively the result of purposeful effort, while in Germany they formed naturally.
The study under review is just as Gargantuan in its scope as it claims to survey five centuries of French literature and examine how various writers, from the twelfth to the sixteenth
century, conceived temporality and produced works of art which somehow translate both their own vision and the dominant mental structures of their Zeitgeist.
She wants to start again by attempting a holistic approach to the processes of courtship which explores "the ful l range of constraints and considerations that might affect even the humblest" (3) and by focusing sharply upon the sixteenth
century--the first period for which these matters can be studied in sufficient depth and detail.
The first section on continuity and innovation in French poetry raises the question of the collaborative nature of the arts and other disciplines, including poetry set to music, the connectedness of music and mathematics, the visual aspects of Renaissance poetry, arts rhetoriques, and what might be called the ethics of poetry in the early sixteenth
Elsewhere Davis makes it clear that offerings of gifts of food and drink were among the most common forms of gift exchange in the sixteenth
century, and it is no accident that sociability and commensality have always gone hand in hand in a nearly universal symbiotic relationship.
While I do not wish to posit the opposite argument, it certainly would be a worthy hypothesis to entertain that our modern sensibilities have become the opposite of those of the sixteenth
century, where public torture and societal violence could at the very least be tolerated in official ideology (see the recent study, also investigating art and religion in terms of violence, by Mitchell Merback, The Thief, the Cross and the Wheel  subtitled "Pain and the Spectacle of Punishment in Medieval and Renaissance Europe").