[SF.sub.i] = Sinking fund provision for bond i, measured by a dichotomous variable with i zero indicating no sinking fund provision and one indicating the presence of a sinking fund provision
Call and sinking fund provisions also influence bond betas since both alter the duration of the bond, and bond betas are increasing functions of duration.
Mitchell examines the joint decision to include a call option, a sinking fund provision or a refunding provision, and the choice of maturity, while Thatcher investigates the decision to issue a two-tiered call option.
Sinking fund provisions can serve as substitutes for call provisions (Kalotay and Williams (1992) and Ogden (1988)).
The Use of Sinking Fund Provisions This table presents data on the fraction of noncallable and callable bonds that included sinking funds by rating category.
Williams, 1992, "The Valuation and Management of Bonds with Sinking Fund Provisions." Financial Analysts Journal (March-April), 59-67.
One measure of a sinking fund provision's strength is the fraction of original principal to be retired before maturity.
The sinking fund provision requires that XYZ retire $25 million in each of the years 1997 to 2000.
Singer, "The Value of Corporate Debt With a Sinking Fund Provision," Journal of Business (July 1984), pp.
* Many corporate bond indentures contain sinking fund provisions. Previous work in this area has analyzed these provisions in terms of interest rate risk,(1) default risk,(2) and the "accumulation game," in which investors increase the value of a sinking fund bond issue by increasing the concentration of its ownership.(3) This paper studies sinking fund bonds when an issuer has bought some of its own bonds in anticipation of future sinking fund requirements.
Also on Friday, state-owned Deposit Insurance Agency (DIA) extended a RUB295bn (USD9bn/EUR6.8bn) loan to Bank of Moscow, which was utilised the next day for the purchase of RUB295bn in government bonds, placed by the country's finance ministry with sinking fund provisions
for the purpose of the bailout.
Other data components summarize call features, mandatory and optional redemption provisions including designated and risk events holders repayment options, liquidation and exercise rights, covenants for exchange and conversion, and sinking fund provisions