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file

To place a document in the public records. All such documents are time and date stamped when received;this is important because the priority of deeds and of liens is usually on a race-to-thecourthouse,first-to-file basis.In many states,if a judgment is recorded against a seller only minutes before a deed to the buyer is recorded, then the buyer's new property is subject to the lien, which must be paid or the judgment creditor may execute and take the property and sell it for satisfaction of the debt.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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* Buy gasoline and oil for your chain saw--at least a two years'--supply, as well as a spare sharpening files and chain.