Self-repairs or self-initiated repairs refer to those instances of self-correction of a given item in an utterance.
These findings are in line with the ones reported by Buckwalter (2001) and Foster and Ohta (2005) since in the present study there was also a preference for self-initiated repair sequences over other-initiated repair sequences and for self-correction over other-correction.
Intentional self-interpreting is often represented by cases of self-correction when the child realizes that s/ he has chosen some words from the "wrong" language.
Like examples of self-correction, self-interpreted utterances are discussed in Saunders 1988 to show the development of metalinguistic awareness in the bilingual development of his children.
This assisted me in determining methods for supporting Vlad's skill in overcoming word reading errors and improving his self-correction
He was encouraged to make self-corrections
if he sorted a word in the wrong category.
where there is a genuine lack of understanding of grammatical forms), and not of their <<mistakes>> <<Mistakes,>>, in this vernacular, are more properly the domain of student self-correction
, either individually or in peer groups.
Since it is only the learners who are actually capable of making permanent changes to their interlanguage systems, it has been generally assumed that self-correction
is the most beneficial way of repairing communication breakdowns.
are expected to interrupt either upward or downward efficacy-performance spirals when accurate and specific feedback is provided because it results in improved understanding of task intricacies and the gaps between actual performance and specifications.
A January 1997 policy statement -- the administrative policy regarding self-corrections
-- permits certain plan operating mistakes to be corrected without sanctions before an audit begins.
Step 6: Turn the transparency for self-checking and self-correction
, if necessary.
In the area of literacy, the tutee, in a cross-age tutoring program, makes substantial gains in sight vocabulary, reading accuracy, self-corrections
, comprehension, and reading age.