A dual hormonal approach (estrogens and anti-androgens) is used for biological males who desire feminization (trans women), to stimulate female secondary sex characteristics
and suppress male secondary sex characteristics
CPP is defined as development of secondary sex characteristics
before age 8 years in conjunction with a BA/chronological age (CA) ratio >1.1 and a peak luteinizing hormone (LH) value >5 mIU/mL after GnRH stimulation.
It is possible to use hormone suppression therapy after a teen has started to develop unwanted secondary sex characteristics
. However, such patients may get less benefit from puberty blockers and often derive more benefit from initiation of cross-gender hormones.
testes with oocytes) and decreased expression of secondary sex characteristics
(Lange et al.
Discussion of the first goal, suppression of the puberty-induced secondary sex characteristics
of natal sex, will be discussed in this section.
We generally understand the sex of a person as biologically fixed and easily identifiable through the presence of either female or male sex organs, hormones, chromosomes and secondary sex characteristics
. Gender, on the other hand, deals with how babies born male learn to take up masculine identities as boys and men, while those born female learn to perceive and present themselves as feminine, in conformity with the stereo-typical ideas of masculinity and femininity, manhood and womanhood prevailing in their particular culture at the time.
These women may have only subtle outward clinical features, such as slightly short stature or mildly reduced secondary sex characteristics
. Establishing the correct diagnosis enables screening for other manifestations of Turner syndrome, such as aortic abnormalities.
I hypothesized that a lack of experience determining the secondary sex characteristics
of shrews would elevate the error rate.
testosterone A steroid hormone that regulates the development of the male reproductive system and male secondary sex characteristics
Ethnic differences in the presence of secondary sex characteristics
and menarche among U.S.
"Once they start puberty, trans-boys may develop female secondary sex characteristics
, such as breasts, and may even start to menstruate.
While we might understand these differences as hierarchical (for example, as differences between primary or secondary sex characteristics
), such distinctions were not so clear in early modern English art and culture.