The pursuit of basic subsistence is an adaptational response to unsafe, harsh, and life-threatening conditions (Rogers, Kropp, et al., 1992; Rogers et ah, 1994) rather than antisocial deceit and manipulation for secondary gain
In the psychiatric literature, the incentive is known as secondary gain
, and may consist of monetary or other gain, or avoidance of negative consequences.
However, if we have a full-scale pricing war coupled with depressed servicing values, a flatter yield curve and little secondary gains
, the battlefield will be littered with casualties.
There was consistent evidence that Waddell's signs are associated with poorer treatment outcomes and generally consistent evidence that they are not associated with secondary gain
and cannot discriminate organic from nonorganic problems.
In addition, traditional conceptualizations of clients with mild brain injury clients are those of exaggerated symptoms for secondary gain
(i.e., avoid work or responsibility, get attention, or monetary benefit from litigation) (Mateer, 1992; Vamey, 1990).
These non-physical factors, often referred to as "secondary gain
," can arise from social, emotional, neurotic, economic and sometimes even vindictive motives.
(5) This list, however, includes correlates of secondary gain
, which with today's psychiatric nomenclature would lead to a diagnosis of malingering.
The loss leader of an "emergi" center is more than offset by the secondary gain
the retail store achieves in sales.
The film offers no evidence of "secondary gain
" factors; we learn of no apparent reward to be gained, or scrape to be avoided, by the convenient occurrence of amnesia, whether unconsciously motivated or faked.
may be getting a secondary gain
by using their condition as a way of avoiding sex," Dr.
: The relief provided by therapy must be greater than the secondary gain
from the discomforts of the illness.
lack of exercise, diet etc.),age, hereditary factors, secondary gain
incentives and psychological needs.