individualism

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individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hsu, F.L.K., Rugged Individualism Reconsidered, The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville,TN, 1983.
The opposing factors create a dilemma - an environment that values rugged individualism and freedom juxtaposed with social requirements that demand responsibility and restraint.
He considered his home state a last outpost of rugged individualism, and several of his books are set there.
Also, rugged individualism may be less important a factor than the authors claim.
"We need to replace the myth of rugged individualism with the image of community where children are viewed as 'ours,' not 'mine' or 'yours,' if children with chronic illness and disabilities are to achieve their tremendous potential for success."
"A big reason why family leave issues in the United States have largely been left up to the determination of employers and employees is because of our culture of rugged individualism. U.S.
America, with its long history of rugged individualism and independent action, has characteristically eschewed the type of government support of charitable, arts and educational programs that abound in other parts of the world.
We were challenged with choice between the American system of rugged individualism and a European philosophy of diametrically opposed doctrines--doctrines of paternalism and state socialism.
If its immediate gains were to accrue only to those it represented, the existence of market unionism--the very possibility of organizing--was rooted in a rejection of rugged individualism and a concomitant defense of the egalitarian ethic.
Arden's work exemplifies the rugged individualism associated with his native Yorkshire.
(or rugged individualism) leaves the individual at the mercy of the oligarchs with almost no economic rights and freedoms.
In a society that fetishises self-reliance, the gun speaks to rugged individualism - each person should be responsible for saving themselves.