The rating agency anticipates that the credit positive effect from a weaker rouble would be greater for fertiliser companies within the chemicals sector, such as Acron, PhosAgro and Uralkali, than for petrochemical companies Nizhnekamskneftekhim's (NKNK) and Sibur Holding, as a lower proportion of their debt and capital expenditure (capex) is in US dollars.
A weaker rouble would be credit positive for rated steel and mining companies and increase their EBITDA by around 10%-15% with the exception of TMK and Magnitogorsk Iron & Steel Works (MMK), which would experience a less material credit impact as the proportion of their revenues denominated in roubles broadly matches their expenses denominated in roubles.
In a comparison with other CEEMEA currencies, the rouble has, together with the Turkish lira, been one of the region's most stable currencies in 2010, showing extraordinary stability relative to other currencies.
At the same time, Figure 2 shows that the rouble tracked the dynamics of other commodity currencies until August, when it began to weaken, while its peers appreciated on the back of climbing commodity prices.
For the last two weeks, Russians have been queuing up to exchange their roubles for dollars as the economy went into free-fall.
Many have been hit hard by previous currency crises and they didn't want to be left with their life savings in worthless roubles.
Earlier the Belarussian central bank switched to the dollar peg from a previous Russian rouble link.
1993, shortly after the break-up of the rouble zone.
The bank said that the changes were aimed at increasing the rouble
's flexibility and moving towards an inflation targeting regime, and reflect reduced volatility on the forex market and lower risks for financial stability.
Sberbank clients spent the most money in Italy (8.55 bln roubles
) and Turkey (8.4 bln roubles
In 2017, every month residents of the capital spent over 3,000 roubles
at restaurants when paying by card.
For savings certificates the maximum increase of interest rates was 1.75 percentage points in roubles
. Now the maximum interest rate for a savings certificate is 12% per annum.