Keywords: role balance, emerging adulthood, scale validation
Arnett's (2000) theory of emerging adulthood provides a framework for understanding role exploration and the process of role balance as part of this distinct developmental period.
Although the construct of role balance has been defined and explored across contexts in adulthood, very little is known about role balance during emerging adulthood.
Explicit training about and the maintenance of appropriate role balance
will help to ensure high functioning relationships and maximize the quality of patient care, resident education, faculty and resident satisfaction, and modeling of professional behavior to improve competencies as clinicians and educators.
Our study explores the relationships among multiple role balance, job satisfaction, and life satisfaction in a sample of women school counselors.
Role balance theory, however, suggests that it is typical for women to function within multiple roles throughout their lives, and what affects their mental and physical health is the degree to which they organize the system of roles within their lives (Marks, 2001).
Thus, the potential multiple role balance issues that women school counselors could face within the context of their jobs might not only relate to their perceived levels of job satisfaction (Duffus, 1998), but also may permeate to broader role balance issues within their personal lives (Moen & Yu, 2000).
In other words, there is a cause and effect relationship between team role balance and team performance.
The definition of team role balance uses the two measures described above.
Table 4 lists the results of applying the team role balance measures, together with the degree of matching of the teams' key stages to (a) the team members' strongest individual role scores and to (b) the average role scores as defined above in the measures section.
However, the influence of basic interpersonal orientations on the experience of life role balance among college students has been either unexamined or minimally explored.
Marks and MacDermid (1996) defined role balance as "a general cognitive-affective orientation across life roles, an interrole disposition" and as "the tendency to become fully engaged in the performance of every role in one's total role system, to approach every typical role and role partner with an attitude of attentiveness and care" (p.