Every third house was surveyed and the perceptions of the head of the family or adult member were obtained on the indoor residual spray
She informed that control activities include collection of blood slides from suspected malaria cases in all health facilities/relief camps and providing treatment to positive cases on the spot and submitting detailed report to the control room already established at Directorate of Malaria Control Programme Hyderabad on daily basis, ensure the availability of anti malarial medicines at all health facilities, check Indoor Residual Spray
in camps, schools and villages of highly rain affected areas to control any outbreak of malaria, monitor fumigation at relief camps and affected villages.
Third phase would be initiated from September onward that would last till the end of dengue Fever season in November, active case finding and tracking the patients daily from the addresses obtained from the hospitals of the Islamabad for quick targeted operation through fumigation and residual spray
. Patients travel history and contact tracing and identification of high risk areas are also main activities during this third phase.
Under the campaign, as many as five teams have been constituted for conducting door to door fumigation and residual spray
in the rural areas.
The partnership has focused on encouraging use of insecticide-treated nets, indoor residual sprays
and hygiene tips to curb mosquito breeding.
Manual for Indoor Residual Spraying: Application of Residual Sprays
for Vector Control.
However, Gair said it is a concern for unborn children and pregnant women, who he says should use residual sprays
in the home and insect repellent.
"However, where net coverage is low, the cost-effectiveness of additional control using indoor residual sprays
such as DDT should be considered."
'We have begun social mobilisation, internal residual sprays
and disinfecting the areas where mosquito larvae have been detected,' said the minister.
Whereas the National Malaria Control Program recommends and promotes the use of pyrethroids as indoor residual sprays
and in the treatment of bed nets, the residents rely more on organochlorines (DDT), despite the fact that the use of DDT has been banned in most of the countries of the world due to resistance and environmental concerns12.
Thus, there is a continued need for introduction of new insecticide molecules, formulations and interventions in the armamentarium of residual sprays