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Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.


The retention of some right by the grantor in a deed. Grantors may reserve a life estate, the mineral interests, or a right-of-way across the property, for example. Reservations appear in the reddendum clause of a deed.

References in periodicals archive ?
3 million pounds of tepary beans were produced on the reservation.
This map shows American Indian reservations (in red).
A crime on the Brule Sioux reservation in 1881 spurred Congress to enact legislation to overcome this limitation.
Before 1977, elk hunting on the reservation was better than on nearby national forest lands, but nowhere near its quality today.
Since the directors of Desert Survivors have a long history of developing human services on a number of reservations in the Southwest and the tribal support for this project was unanimously approved, the state VR agency generously committed to developing vocational services for the disabled tribal members of the Tohono O'Odham Nation.
Atlantic Bluffs Club and other property owners contended that the filed Olmsted map and language in their deeds evidenced an express grant of easement over the Reservation land for the use of the Reservation for access to the beaches.
The statistics and demographics below are from this report and give an idea of how life is on the reservation.
This huge drug was like cocaine, and it came down to our reservation.
Taken together, the combined area of all the Native American reservations in the U.
These contacts indicated that 300-400 residents of the Flathead Reservation could benefit from a transportation system.
Power Macintosh is more than a stand alone investment for us; its horsepower allows us to test the more advanced features of our reservation system without slowing down operations, and its cross-platform compatibility makes it possible for us to combine front desk and in-room applications with our reservations computers.