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Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.


The retention of some right by the grantor in a deed. Grantors may reserve a life estate, the mineral interests, or a right-of-way across the property, for example. Reservations appear in the reddendum clause of a deed.

References in periodicals archive ?
The tepary beans are now being sold for about five dollars a pound at Bashas', the reservation's sole supermarket, as well as in trading posts throughout the reservation.
The above cases illustrate that if a non-Indian commits a crime against an Indian on a reservation then the federal government has jurisdiction.
While most reservation lakes and streams are open to bait fishing, certain select waters are restricted to flies and lures.
Creating employment opportunities on reservations and in rural areas requires a sensitivity to clients' skills and interests and the immediate needs of the surrounding community.
The court directed that the Sunbeach, as property owner of the Reservation property, remove any fences or structures on the Reservation and restore the Reservation property to its original open and natural state.
In one case, a non-Indian living on the Navajo Reservation repeatedly broke into the house of his ex-wife, a Navajo, and assaulted her.
Sergeant Alvernon Tsosie, a criminal investigations officer on the Navajo reservation who has seen meth use there balloon in the past three years, agrees.
Which Native American reservations labeled on the map are located east of the Mississippi River?
The second profile is of a man in his early twenties with cerebral palsy A wheelchair and communication board user, the man is not a tribal member; but because the transportation service is open to all residents of the reservation, he also benefits from this resource.
In addition to hosting 65 guests from several press groups, the Journey's End Hotel, at 35 East 40th Street, picked up some additional non-convention reservations.
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, reservation kids were forced to attend Indian boarding schools.