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Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.
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The retention of some right by the grantor in a deed. Grantors may reserve a life estate, the mineral interests, or a right-of-way across the property, for example. Reservations appear in the reddendum clause of a deed.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analiza Rebuelta-Teh, undersecretary for climate change and mining concerns, said the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) had begun identifying 'mineralized areas' and 'high-mineral potential areas,' including existing mines in operation, for declaration as mineral reservations.
The Cabinet discussed the report submitted by the Manjunath Commission and decided to extend reservations to the Kapu, Telaga, Balija and Ontari communities.
The Delhi Assembly on Thursday adopted a resolution seeking 85 per cent reservation in admission for city students in 28 Delhi University colleges that are funded by the Delhi government.
"Under the constitution the reservation for STs can be increased in accordance with the increase in their population".
In this case, the court found that Safeco's reservation of rights letter did not "fairly inform" Liss (the insured) of the reasons it was reserving its rights and that the letter was inadequate as a matter of law to preclude application of the estoppel doctrine.
Early reservations, which became available five years ago for the first time to attract domestic travelers, have been becoming increasingly common.
He chronicles the work being done at an Ojibwe language immersion school in northern Wisconsin as he also contends that much of the beauty of reservation life exists and will continue only if Native people commit to language preservation.
-- Manage seatings and reservations without the guesswork.
What will happen to future business when, a regular guest--a person who entertains weekly at the restaurant--has unexpected business clients arrive in town and calls for a reservation at the last minute only to be told that you have no tables?
According to tribal sources (see below), the Flathead Reservation consists of 4 tribes that form a Confederacy made by the 1855 treaty with the government: Lower Pend d'Oreille and Kalispels are the 1st two (they already called this area their homeland), the Kootenai (who shared their hunting grounds to the north) and lastly the Salish who were reluctantly removed from their homeland in the Bitterroot Valley & re-located to the Flathead Reservation in 1891.
Admission is free to members and non-members but reservations are requested.
To receive a Navy Lodge directory or to make a reservation at another Navy Lodge, call 1-800-NAVY-INN, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.