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To cancel a contract because of misrepresentation, fraud, or illegal procedure.


To cancel a contract and declare it invalid from its beginning. When a contract is rescinded, both parties are restored to the status quo before the contract was entered (as much as possible). Rescission may occur by mutual agreement, or when one of the parties misrepresented himself/herself before the contract was signed.


To withdraw or undo.The act itself is called rescission. If a party has a right of rescission, the party may rescind a transaction.Important rescission rights include the following:

• Under the Truth-in-Lending Act, consumers may rescind a loan transaction if the lender failed to provide all required disclosures.

• Certain state laws give homeowners the right to rescind sales contracts for properties in danger of foreclosure.

• Most states still allow insurance companies to rescind policies if there was a fraud in the representations made to secure the policy.

• Acontract may be rescinded if there was fraud in the inducement, meaning a fraud with the underlying transaction and not with the nature of the contract or document signed.

• Under the Truth-in-Lending Act, consumers refinancing their principal residence or taking out a home equity line of credit may, with certain exceptions, rescind the loan within 3 business days and not owe any interest or fees.

References in periodicals archive ?
70) As to reportable transactions, the penalty can be rescinded by the FTB Chief Counsel, but only if (1) the taxpayer on whom the penalty is imposed has a history of complying with the California income and franchise tax laws; (2) it is shown that the violation is due to an unintentional mistake of fact; (3) imposing the penalty would be against equity and good conscience; and (4) rescinding the penalty would promote compliance with the tax laws and effective tax administration.
The AJCA provides that, notwithstanding any other provision, any IRS determination on rescinding the penalty may not be reviewed in any judicial proceeding.